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Evaluation of Methods for Measuring Particulate Matter Emissions from Gas Turbines

Petzold, Andreas and Marsh, Richard and Johnson, Mark and Miller, Michael and Sevcenco, Yura and Delhaye, David and Ibrahim, Amir and Williams, Paul and Bauer, Heidi and Crayford, Andrew and Bachalo, William D. and Raper, David (2011) Evaluation of Methods for Measuring Particulate Matter Emissions from Gas Turbines. Environmental Science & Technology, 45, pp. 3562-3568. DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1021/es103969v.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1021/es103969v

Abstract

The project SAMPLE evaluated methods for measuring particle properties in the exhaust of aircraft engines with respect to the development of standardized operation procedures for particulate matter measurement in aviation industry. Filter-based off-line mass methods included gravimetry and chemical analysis of carbonaceous species by combustion methods. Online mass methods were based on light absorption measurement or used size distribution measurements obtained from an electrical mobility analyzer approach. Number concentrations were determined using different condensation particle counters (CPC). Total mass from filter-based methods balanced gravimetric mass within 8% error. Carbonaceous matter accounted for 70% of gravimetric mass while the remaining 30% were attributed to hydrated sulfate and noncarbonaceous organic matter fractions. Online methods were closely correlated over the entire range of emission levels studied in the tests. Elemental carbon from combustion methods and black carbon from optical methods deviated by maximum 5% with respect to mass for low to medium emission levels, whereas for high emission levels a systematic deviation between online methods and filter based methods was found which is attributed to sampling effects. CPC based instruments proved highly reproducible for number concentration measurements with a maximum interinstrument standard deviation of 7.5%.

Document Type:Article
Title:Evaluation of Methods for Measuring Particulate Matter Emissions from Gas Turbines
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Petzold, AndreasDLR
Marsh, RichardCardiff Univ. Cardiff, UK
Johnson, MarkRolls-Royce plc, Derby, UK
Miller, MichaelCody Technology Park, Farnborough Hants, UK
Sevcenco, YuraCardiff Univ. Cardiff, UK
Delhaye, DavidONERA, Chatillon, UK
Ibrahim, AmirDLR
Williams, PaulUniv. of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Bauer, HeidiTU Wien, Wien, A
Crayford, AndrewCardiff Univ. Cardiff, UK
Bachalo, William D.Artium Technol., Sunnyvale, CA, USA
Raper, DavidManchester Metropolitan Univ., Manchester, UK
Date:2011
Journal or Publication Title:Environmental Science & Technology
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:45
DOI:dx.doi.org/10.1021/es103969v
Page Range:pp. 3562-3568
Status:Published
Keywords:SAMPLE, aviation, emission measurement, measurement methods, particulate matter
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics, Transport
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation, Transport System
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics, Transport
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation, V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment, V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Jana Freund
Deposited On:12 May 2011 14:23
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:17

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