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Effective radius of ice partices in cirrus and contrails

Schumann, Ulrich and Mayer, Bernhardt and Gierens, Klaus and Unterstrasser, Simin and Jessberger, Philipp and Petzold, Andreas and Voigt, Christiane and Gayet, Jena-Francois (2011) Effective radius of ice partices in cirrus and contrails. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68 (2), pp. 300-321. DOI: 10.1175/2010JAS3562.1.

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Official URL: http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/xml/10.1175/2010JAS3562.1

Abstract

This paper discusses the ratio C between the volume mean radius and the effective radius of ice particles in cirrus and contrails. The volume mean radius is proportional to the third root of the ratio between ice water content and number of ice particles, and the effective radius measures the ratio between ice particle volume and projected cross-section area. For given ice water content and number concentration of ice particles, the optical depth scales linearly with C. Hence, C is an important input parameter for radiative forcing estimates. The ratio C in general depends strongly on the particle size distribution (PSD) and on the particle habits. For constant habits, C can be factored into a PSD and a habit factor. The PSD factor is generally less than one, while the habit factor is larger than one for convex or concave ice particles with random orientation. C may get very small for power law PSDs with exponent n between -4 and 0, which is often observed. For such PSDs, most of the particle volume is controlled by a few large particles, while most of the cross-section area is controlled by the many small particles. A new particle habit mix for contrail cirrus including small droxtal-shape particles is suggested. For measured cirrus and contrails, the dependence of C on volume mean particle radius, ambient humidity, and contrail age is determined. For cirrus, C varies typically between 0.4 and 1.1. In contrails, C=0.7 +- 0.3, with uncertainty ranges increasing with the volume radius and contrail age. For the small particles in young contrails, the extinction efficiency in the solar range deviates considerably from the geometric optics limit.

Document Type:Article
Title:Effective radius of ice partices in cirrus and contrails
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schumann, UlrichUNSPECIFIED
Mayer, BernhardtUNSPECIFIED
Gierens, KlausUNSPECIFIED
Unterstrasser, SiminUNSPECIFIED
Jessberger, PhilippUNSPECIFIED
Petzold, AndreasUNSPECIFIED
Voigt, ChristianeUNSPECIFIED
Gayet, Jena-FrancoisLMP
Date:2011
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:68
DOI:10.1175/2010JAS3562.1
Page Range:pp. 300-321
Status:Published
Keywords:cirrus, contrails, radius, habit, shape, optical thickness
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space, Aeronautics, Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation, ATM and Operation, Transport System
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt, Aeronautics, Transport
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung, L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation, V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung, L - Climate, Weather and Environment, V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Remote Sensing
Deposited By: Prof.Dr.habil. Ulrich Schumann
Deposited On:14 Mar 2011 12:05
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:15

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