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Links between production system and transport. The example of German and French industries

Guilbault, Michèle and Gouvernal, Elisabeth and Lebaudy, Marie and Lenz, Barbara and Schneider, Sebastian and Köhler, Katja (2010) Links between production system and transport. The example of German and French industries. 12th World Conference on Transport Research, 11.-15. Juli 2010, Lissabon, Portugal.

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Abstract

Changes in transportation are closely linked to the economic and logistical characteristics of the production system. The aim of this paper is, on the basis of data on the economic context and surveys conducted in France (the 1988 Shipper survey and the 2004 ECHO survey) and in Germany (the 2005 DLR survey), to show the major changes that have occurred in the two countries at both micro- and macro-economic levels and how these have affected transport demand. The first level of analysis relates to changes in the economic fabric. In particular, we have demonstrated the growing proportion of small and medium-sized firms at a time when large production units, which are those that are best able to concentrate their freight and use modes other than the road, are becoming fewer and fewer. At the same time, economic links are becoming more complex and, in the case of France, we have shown the increasing role played by wholesale traders in the distribution of goods. The constant reduction in transport costs and the opening up of markets is another structural factor whose impacts in both France and Germany we have also analysed. In addition to these economic changes, the internal modes of production of firms have also changed. Production is becoming more diversified and Just-in-time practices are spreading. The fragmentation of freight flows is thus occurring both in space and in time, which also has a major effect on the characteristics of the flows generated by firms and changes in transport. In the case of all these changes we have attempted to show the differences and similarities between the ways transport has changed in the two countries.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Links between production system and transport. The example of German and French industries
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Guilbault, MichèleParis - Est University, The French national institute for transport and safety research (INRETS), Production Systems, Logistics, transport Organisation and Work (SPLOTT)
Gouvernal, ElisabethParis - Est University, The French national institute for transport and safety research (INRETS), Production Systems, Logistics, transport Organisation and Work (SPLOTT)
Lebaudy, MarieParis - Est University, The French national institute for transport and safety research (INRETS), Production Systems, Logistics, transport Organisation and Work (SPLOTT)
Lenz, BarbaraDLR-VF
Schneider, SebastianDLR-VF
Köhler, KatjaDLR-VF
Date:2010
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:changes in transport, production concepts, intra-firm transport, France, Germany
Event Title:12th World Conference on Transport Research
Event Location:Lissabon, Portugal
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:11.-15. Juli 2010
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V -- no assignement
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Wirtschaftsverkehr
Deposited By: Sebastian Schneider
Deposited On:14 Jan 2011 12:23
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:12

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