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Topography of Mars from global mapping by HRSC high-resolution digital terrain models and orthoimages: Characteristics and performance

Gwinner, K. and Scholten, F. and Preusker, F. and Elgner, S. and Roatsch, T. and Spiegel, M. and Schmidt, R. and Oberst, J. and Jaumann, R. and Heipke, C. (2010) Topography of Mars from global mapping by HRSC high-resolution digital terrain models and orthoimages: Characteristics and performance. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 294, pp. 506-519. Elsevier B.V.. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2009.11.007.

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Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/epsl

Abstract

We report on the results of the Mars Express High-Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) experiment pertaining to one of its major aims, mapping the surface of Mars by high-resolution digital terrain models (DTM, up to 50 m grid spacing) and orthoimages (up to 12.5 m resolution). We introduce the specifications and characteristics of these data products and give an overview of the procedures that have been developed and are applied for their derivation. We also address the performance characteristics of the mapping project related to different aspects of internal accuracy, accuracy with respect to the global reference system, and regional aspects. Using adaptive processing techniques for terrain reconstruction and a revised approach to the improvement of orientation data, a mean precision of the resulting 3D points of about 12 m is obtained, exceeding the mean ground resolution of the stereo images. Using Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) data, the HRSC models are firmly tied to the global reference system at the scale of the HRSC DTM grid spacing in the lateral dimension, and to within few meters vertically. HRSC high-resolution DTMs are typically generated using a grid size of about 2 times the mean ground resolution, but usually not larger than 3 times the mean ground resolution, and not smaller than 3 times the precision of the integrated 3D points derived from stereo image analysis. Statistically, every grid cell is based on at least one measured 3D point. Thus, horizontal DTM resolution is well established with regard to the precision and density of the derived 3D points, while the concurrent aim of a detailed terrain representation at maximum possible resolution is pursued. Comparison with the DTM derived from MOLA data allows us to identify specific advancements related to this updated view of Martian topography. We also address the mapping performance of HRSC in comparison to MOLA with respect to latitude and to different surface types and morphologies. Finally, comparison with MOLA highlights typical complementarities of the two different approaches for mapping planetary surfaces.

Document Type:Article
Title:Topography of Mars from global mapping by HRSC high-resolution digital terrain models and orthoimages: Characteristics and performance
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Gwinner, K.klaus.gwinner@dlr.de
Scholten, F.Frank.scholten@dlr.de
Preusker, F.frank.preusker@dlr.de
Elgner, S.stephan.elgner@dlr.de
Roatsch, T.thomas.roatsch@dlr.de
Spiegel, M.Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Technische Universität München
Schmidt, R.Institute of Photogrammetry and GeoInformation, Leibniz Universität Hannover
Oberst, J.juergen.oberst@dlr.de
Jaumann, R.ralf.jaumann@dlr.de
Heipke, C.Institute of Photogrammetry and GeoInformation, Leibniz Universität Hannover
Date:2010
Journal or Publication Title:Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:294
DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.11.007
Page Range:pp. 506-519
Publisher:Elsevier B.V.
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars global planetary mapping stereo imaging digital terrain model orthoimage
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt MARS-EXPRESS / HRSC (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geodesy
Deposited By: Klaus Gwinner
Deposited On:10 Jan 2011 09:07
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 20:07

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