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Gender Differences in Travel Patterns: Role of Employment Status and Household Structure

Nobis, Claudia and Lenz, Barbara (2005) Gender Differences in Travel Patterns: Role of Employment Status and Household Structure. In: Research on Women's Issues in Transportation, pp. 114-123. Research on Women's Issues in Transportation 2004, Chicago (USA). ISBN 0-309-09394-5. ISSN 1073-1652

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Abstract

There are many signs indicating that the mobility of women has significantly changed in the last decades: young women possess a driving license almost as often as young men, and women’s car availability and their average mileage per year have increased. At the same time more and more women combine job and family. In the present paper the authors explore the effects that these changes have on women’s mobility in Germany. The central questions are whether women adapt their mobility behavior to that of men or develop a woman-specific behavior, in particular for the use of the car, and whether household structure and employment status have the same effect on travel patterns for men and women. Using the national travel survey of Germany, a group classification is carried out in order to compare groups with similar basic conditions. The grouping variables are sex, employment status and household structure. The analysis is restricted to individuals between 30 to 49 years of age in order to minimize variation in the life-cycle to the extent possible. The results show that single men and women share many similarities. Gender differences reach the highest level for the group of multi-person households. As long as only sex and household type are taken into account, the gender differences found are consistent with the literature. However, the additional distinction of employment status reveals a more differentiated view on gender differences in travel patterns. Men are rarely part-time employees or homemakers. But once they have this role they often have even more strongly pronounced travel characteristics that normally are ascribed to women. By contrast, the travel patterns of full-time employed women are still very different in comparison to their male counterparts. In addition, when working full-time, women are to a higher degree responsible for household duties and child care. In this context, the car seems to have the ambivalent role of affording more flexibility while at the same time solidifying the traditional role of women in household duties and child care.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Title:Gender Differences in Travel Patterns: Role of Employment Status and Household Structure
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Nobis, ClaudiaUNSPECIFIED
Lenz, BarbaraUNSPECIFIED
Date:2005
Journal or Publication Title:Research on Women's Issues in Transportation
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 114-123
Series Name:Transportation Research Board Conference Proceedings 35, Volume 2: Technical papers
ISSN:1073-1652
ISBN:0-309-09394-5
Status:Published
Keywords:travel pattern, household structure, gender
Event Title:Research on Women's Issues in Transportation 2004
Event Location:Chicago (USA)
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V -- no assignement
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research
Deposited By: Claudia Nobis
Deposited On:23 Feb 2006
Last Modified:06 Jan 2010 20:37

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