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Development of a 1.65 μm pulsed laser DIAL System to map atmospheric CH4 distributions

Syed, Ismail and Crawford, James and Leifer, Ira and Hovis, Floyd and Burnham, Ralph and Hair, John and Refaat, Tamer and Notari, Anthony and Collins, James and Kooi, Susan and Hardesty, Michael and Devi, V. Malathy and Benner, D. Chris and Brown, Linda R. and Sung, Keeyoon and Diskin, Glenn and Fix, Andreas and Abedin, Nurul and Hostetler, Chris (2010) Development of a 1.65 μm pulsed laser DIAL System to map atmospheric CH4 distributions. 2010 AGU Fall Meeting, 13.–17. Dec. 2010, San Francisco.

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Abstract

We present the results of a system study conducted to develop and demonstrate a high sensitivity ground-based and airborne DIAL System for measuring atmospheric CH4. This program addresses the 2007 NRC Decadal Survey recommendation that ‘if appropriate and cost-effective methane technology becomes available, methane capability should be added’ to close the carbon budget. A highly efficient absorber of IR radiation, methane is a potent greenhouse gas with a warming potential 72 times greater than CO2 per molecule, over a 20-year horizon. The proposed measurement will enable scientific assessments globally, and in particular of northern latitude CH4 emission impacts on climate and enhance understanding of ecosystem response to climate variability and land cover change. This system will provide simultaneous ranging and high resolution measurements of aerosol and cloud distributions. This will incorporate a pulsed 1.65 mm OPO laser; an existing receiver system redesigned to optimize its performance for this wavelength by incorporating an optical filter; a commercially available InGaAs APD and an existing 3-D scanner. High resolution FTIR laboratory spectroscopic measurements in the R4 transitions of 2ν3 of CH4 will be conducted to maximize accuracy of retrievals. This development demonstrates an azimuthal scanning system for ground-based mapping and monitoring of range-resolved, near-surface CH4 emissions and airborne detection of dry CH4 boundary layer and total vertical column fractions. Due to its relative insensitivity to aerosol and cloud interferences, this system will be ideal for investigating high latitude CH4 releases over polar ice sheets, permafrost regions, wetlands, and over open ocean during night and day as well as commercial applications in of natural gas leaks. The proposed task is applicable to NASA sub-orbital, satellite validation, and venture class programs.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Development of a 1.65 μm pulsed laser DIAL System to map atmospheric CH4 distributions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Syed, IsmailNASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
Crawford, JamesNASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
Leifer, IraUniv. of California, CA, USA
Hovis, FloydFibertek, Inc, Herndon, VA, USA
Burnham, RalphFibertek, Inc, Herndon, VA, USA
Hair, JohnNASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
Refaat, TamerOld Dominion Univ., Hampton, VA, USA
Notari, AnthonyNASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
Collins, JamesSSAI, Hampton, VA, USA
Kooi, SusanNASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
Hardesty, MichaelNOAA Earth System Research Lab., Boulder, CO, USA
Devi, V. MalathyThe College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA
Benner, D. ChrisThe College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA
Brown, Linda R.California Inst. of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
Sung, KeeyoonCalifornia Inst. of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
Diskin, GlennNASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
Fix, AndreasDLR
Abedin, NurulNASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
Hostetler, ChrisNASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
Date:16 December 2010
Keywords:Lidar, Methan, DIAL
Event Title:2010 AGU Fall Meeting
Event Location:San Francisco
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.–17. Dec. 2010
Organizer:AGU
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben LIDAR-Forschung und -Entwicklung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Andreas Fix
Deposited On:16 Dec 2010 11:19
Last Modified:16 Dec 2010 11:19

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