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Trapping of pollution by quasi-stationary anticyclones with focus on aircraft emissions from the North Atlantic flight corridor

Stich, Dennis (2009) Trapping of pollution by quasi-stationary anticyclones with focus on aircraft emissions from the North Atlantic flight corridor. Diploma, LMU München.

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Abstract

It is assumed that aircraft emissions might accumulate in stagnant anticyclones. Emissions like nitrogen oxide and chemical products of them (e.g. ozone) should have higher concentrations within such blocking anticyclones. In this context the occurrence of blocking is examined with the aid of different blocking indices and climatologies already available in the literature. For chosen example cases, in the North Atlantic region, ozone profiles from airborne field campaigns (POLINAT) and ozone sounding platforms (WOUDC) are examined to search for an aircraft emission induced production of ozone. An analysis of different airmasses and their origin is performed by the calculation of LAGRANTO backward trajectories based on ECMWF wind fields. Taking into account potential vorticity (PV) and pressure along the trajectories together with PV charts and satellite images (EUMETSAT) possible sources for the signal in the ozone measurements are searched. These possible sources are for example boundary layer emissions, that are transported along cold fronts or convectively lifted in thunderstorms, as well as stratospheric intrusions. Some ozone profiles reveal an ozone concentration elevated about 10 nmol/mol in 9 - 10 km altitude (mean altitude for the flight corridor) that could not be traced back to the sources just mentioned. For one of the examples calculations with a Lagrangian particle dispersion model (FLEXPART) with a high resolution air traffic data base (AERO2K) are taken into account for further interpretation. Finally, recommendations for the planing of an airborne field campaign to measure the ozone production due to aircraft emissions are given.

Document Type:Thesis (Diploma)
Title:Trapping of pollution by quasi-stationary anticyclones with focus on aircraft emissions from the North Atlantic flight corridor
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Stich, Dennisdennis.stich@dlr.de
Date:July 2009
Number of Pages:107
Status:Published
Keywords:Atmospheric Blocking, Aircraft emissions
Institution:LMU München
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Dennis Stich
Deposited On:06 Dec 2010 16:19
Last Modified:06 Dec 2010 16:19

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