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Satellite-based thunderstorm tracking, monitoring and nowcasting over South Africa

Forster, Caroline und DeConing, Estelle und Diebel, Sebastian und Zinner, Tobias (2010) Satellite-based thunderstorm tracking, monitoring and nowcasting over South Africa. EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conference, 20.-24. Sept. 2010, Cordoba, Spanien.

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Kurzfassung

In this study DLR’s cloud tracker Cb-TRAM (Cumulonimbus TRAcking and Monitoring) is adapted, applied and validated over South Africa for the first time. Cb-TRAM is a fully automated algorithm to detect, track, and nowcast thunderstorms based on data from the METEOSAT SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infra-Red Imager) instrument. The high resolution visible (HRV), a water vapour (WV 6.2 μm), and two infra-red (IR 10.8 μm and IR 12.0 μm) channels are combined in order to determine three different development stages: on-set of convection, i.e. first development of growing cumulus clouds, (2) rapid development, i.e. strong cooling at cloud top, and (3) mature stage, i.e. thunderstorms reaching or overshooting tropopause levels. During daytime the HRV is used to detect the most active convective updraft regions by exploring the visible texture in the image. During nighttime or in regions where the HRV is not available the texture in the WV 6.2 μm is used to isolate convective turbulence. The tracking is based on the geographical overlap between detected cells and their first guess patterns derived from preceeding time steps. Both, the first guess patterns as well as nowcasts (very short range forecasts) up to 60 minutes are based on a pyramidal image matching algorithm which provides fields of displacement vectors accounting for differential cloud motion. Over South Africa, it was necessary to adapt Cb-TRAM to the HRV sector of the Southern Hemisphere which moves with the position of the sun. In several case studies, the Cb-TRAM detected and nowcast thunderstorm cells will be compared to radar and lightning observations. The performance of Cb-TRAM over South Africa will be demonstrated, and the potential of Cb-TRAM to provide early warnings of thunderstorms and related damage in this region will be dicussed.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Vortrag)
Titel:Satellite-based thunderstorm tracking, monitoring and nowcasting over South Africa
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Forster, Carolinecaroline.forster@dlr.de
DeConing, EstelleSouth African Weather Service
Diebel, Sebastiansebastian.diebel@dlr.de
Zinner, TobiasUniversität München
Datum:September 2010
Stichwörter:satellite detection, nowcasting, tracking, verification, lightning
Veranstaltungstitel:EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conference
Veranstaltungsort:Cordoba, Spanien
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:20.-24. Sept. 2010
Veranstalter :EUMETSAT
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:keine Zuordnung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L - Klima, Wetter und Umwelt
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Wolkenphysik und Verkehrsmeteorologie
Hinterlegt von: Dr. Caroline Forster
Hinterlegt am:06 Dez 2010 16:45
Letzte Änderung:06 Dez 2010 16:45

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