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The hierarchical organization in biomaterials: from nanoparticles via mesocrystals to functionality

Schmahl, Wolfgang W. and Kelm, Klemens and Griesshaber, Erika and Goetz, Andreas and Jordan, Guntram and Xu, Dayin and Merkel, Casjen and Brand, Uwe and Logan, Alan (2010) The hierarchical organization in biomaterials: from nanoparticles via mesocrystals to functionality. In: Seminarios de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía Seminarios de la Sociedat Espanola de Mineralogía, 7. Sociedad Espanola de Mineralogía, Madrid. pp. 5-21. ISSN 168-5478

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://www.ehu.es/sem/seminario_pdf/SEMINARIO_SEM_7_005.pdf

Abstract

As opposed to most human made materials, biologic structural materials employed for skeletons or teeth show a hierarchical architecture, where the components of organic macromolecules and mineral substance are inter-weaved on many length scales in order to form a composite material. In the overall skeleton the organic biopolymer fibres provide flexibility and tensile strength while the mineral provides a high elastic modulus, compressive strength, hardness and resistance to abrasion. The hierarchical composite architecture provides fracture toughness. The morphogenesis of the biomaterial as a whole and of the mineral particles is guided by the organic matrix. In this paper we use the example of rhynchonelliform brachiopods to discuss the nano- to macroscale assemblage.

Document Type:Contribution to a Collection
Title:The hierarchical organization in biomaterials: from nanoparticles via mesocrystals to functionality
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schmahl, Wolfgang W.GeoBioCenter LMU and Dept. of Ear th and Environmental Sciences, LMU Munich, Germany
Kelm, KlemensDLR, Institut für Werkstoff-Forschung, Cologne, Germany
Griesshaber, ErikaGeoBioCenter LMU and Dept. of Ear th and Environmental Sciences, LMU Munich, Germany
Goetz, AndreasGeoBioCenter LMU and Dept. of Ear th and Environmental Sciences, LMU Munich, Germany
Jordan, GuntramGeoBioCenter LMU and Dept. of Ear th and Environmental Sciences, LMU Munich, Germany
Xu, DayinGeoBioCenter LMU and Dept. of Ear th and Environmental Sciences, LMU Munich, Germany
Merkel, CasjenGeoBioCenter LMU and Dept. of Ear th and Environmental Sciences, LMU Munich, Germany
Brand, UweDept. of Earth Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada
Logan, AlanDept. of Physical Sciences, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
Date:September 2010
Journal or Publication Title:Seminarios de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía
Refereed publication:No
Volume:7
Page Range:pp. 5-21
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Fernández Díaz, L.Sociedad Espanola de Mineralogía
Astilleros García-Monge, J.M.Sociedad Espanola de Mineralogía
Publisher:Sociedad Espanola de Mineralogía, Madrid
Series Name:Seminarios de la Sociedat Espanola de Mineralogía
ISSN:168-5478
Status:Published
Keywords:Biomaterials hierachical Organisation Brachiodode
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Aircraft Research
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Concepts & Integration
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Microanalysis
Deposited By: Klemens Kelm
Deposited On:29 Nov 2010 15:29
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 19:35

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