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Successful Adaptation of Bacillus subtilis Cells to Extreme UV Stress Leads Also to an Increased Desiccation Resistance

Wassmann, M. and Moeller, R. and Reitz, G. and Rettberg, P. (2010) Successful Adaptation of Bacillus subtilis Cells to Extreme UV Stress Leads Also to an Increased Desiccation Resistance. Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 40 (6), p. 549. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s11084-010-9215-0 .

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

UV radiation has been a ubiquitous stressor since the origin of the first microbial ecosystem during the Achaean Eon, when the Earth lacked a significant ozone layer and was exposed to a full UV radiation spectrum. Any primary colonizers of surface habitats on Earth are vulnerable to the effect of solar UV radiation. Hence, microorganisms that survived at the surface of the early Earth without the protection of an ozone layer would have needed mechanisms to resist UV radiation. In a precursory study for the space experiment ADAPT (Molecular adaptation strategies of microorganisms to different space and planetary UV climate conditions), cells of Bacillus subtilis 168 were continuously cultured for 700 generations under periodical polychromatic UV irradiation (200–400 nm), remodeling the suggested UV radiation environment on the early Earth, when the Earth lacked a significant ozone layer. B. subtilis cells evolved under UV-stress were about 3-fold more resistant compared to the ancestral and non-UV evolved populations. In addition, changes in microbial response to desiccation were observed in UV-evolved cells. Vegetative cells of the ancestral population were almost completely inactivated within the first 24 h of desiccation, whereas an increase in the desiccation resistance was observed in the UVevolved cells, implicating that the successful adaptation to the applied UV stress lead to additional benefits e.g. the adaptation to low water availability.

Document Type:Article
Title:Successful Adaptation of Bacillus subtilis Cells to Extreme UV Stress Leads Also to an Increased Desiccation Resistance
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Wassmann, M. UNSPECIFIED
Moeller, R. UNSPECIFIED
Reitz, G. UNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, P. UNSPECIFIED
Date:2010
Journal or Publication Title:Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:40
DOI:10.1007/s11084-010-9215-0
Page Range:p. 549
Publisher:Springer
Status:Published
Keywords:Bacillus subtilis, UV radiation, UV stress
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kerstin Kopp
Deposited On:26 Nov 2010 12:13
Last Modified:26 Mar 2013 13:22

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