elib
DLR-Header
DLR-Logo -> http://www.dlr.de
DLR Portal Home | Imprint | Contact | Deutsch
Fontsize: [-] Text [+]

Present-Day and Future Global Bottom-Up Ship Emission Inventories Including Polar Routes

Paxian, Andreas and Eyring, Veronika and Beer, Winfried and Sausen, Robert and Wright, Claire (2010) Present-Day and Future Global Bottom-Up Ship Emission Inventories Including Polar Routes. Environmental Science & Technology, 44, pp. 1333-1339. DOI: 10.1021/es9022859. ISSN 0013-936X.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1021/es9022859

Abstract

We present a global bottom-up ship emission algorithm that calculates fuel consumption, emissions, and vessel traffic densities for present-day (2006) and two future scenarios (2050) considering the opening of Arctic polar routes due to projected sea ice decline. Ship movements and actual ship engine power per individual ship from Lloyd’s Marine Intelligence Unit (LMIU) ship statistics for six months in 2006 and further mean engine data from literature serve as input. The developed SeaKLIM algorithm automatically finds the most probable shipping route for each combination of start and destination port of a certain ship movement by calculating the shortest path on a predefined model grid while considering land masses, sea ice, shipping canal sizes, and climatological mean wave heights. The resulting present-day ship activity agrees well with observations. The global fuel consumption of 221 Mt in 2006 lies in the range of previously published inventories when undercounting of ship numbers in the LMIU movement database (40,055 vessels) is considered. Extrapolated to 2007 and ship numbers per ship type of the recent International Maritime Organization (IMO) estimate (100,214 vessels), a fuel consumption of 349 Mt is calculated which is in good agreement with the IMO total of 333 Mt. The future scenarios show Arctic polar routes with regional fuel consumption on the Northeast and Northwest Passage increasing by factors of up to 9 and 13 until 2050, respectively.

Document Type:Article
Title:Present-Day and Future Global Bottom-Up Ship Emission Inventories Including Polar Routes
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Paxian, AndreasDLR
Eyring, VeronikaDLR
Beer, WinfriedDLR
Sausen, RobertDLR
Wright, Claire Lloyd’s Marine Intelligence Unit, London, UK
Date:2010
Journal or Publication Title:Environmental Science & Technology
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:44
DOI:10.1021/es9022859
Page Range:pp. 1333-1339
ISSN:0013-936X
Status:Published
Keywords:traffic, ship emission, climate change, Northeast Passage, Northwest Passage
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Next Generation Train (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Dynamics
Deposited By: Jana Freund
Deposited On:24 Nov 2010 11:25
Last Modified:26 Mar 2013 13:22

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Browse
Search
Help & Contact
Informationen
electronic library is running on EPrints 3.3.12
Copyright © 2008-2012 German Aerospace Center (DLR). All rights reserved.