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Effects of anticipatory driving in a traffic flow model

Eissfeldt, Nils and Wagner, Peter (2003) Effects of anticipatory driving in a traffic flow model. European Physical Journal B - Condensed Matter, 33 (1), pp. 121-129. Springer Verlag. DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2003-00149-8.

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Abstract

Anticipation in traffic means that drivers estimate their leaders´ velocities for future timesteps. In the article a specific stochastic carfollowing model with non-unique flow-density relation is investigated with respect to anticipatory driving. It is realized by next-nearest-neighbour interaction which leads to large flows and short temporal headways. The underlying mechnism that causes thes effects is explained by the headway following a long one, thereby producing a strong anti-correlation in the gaps or in the headways of subsequent cars. For the investigated model the corresponding time headway distributions display the short headways observed in reality. Even though thes effects are discussed for a specific model, the mechnism described is in general present in any traffic flow models that work with anticipation.

Document Type:Article
Title:Effects of anticipatory driving in a traffic flow model
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Eissfeldt, NilsZAIK – Universität zu Köln
Wagner, PeterUNSPECIFIED
Date:2003
Journal or Publication Title:European Physical Journal B - Condensed Matter
Volume:33
DOI:10.1140/epjb/e2003-00149-8
Page Range:pp. 121-129
Publisher:Springer Verlag
Status:Published
Keywords:Stochastic processes, Granular models, complex systems, traffic flow, Structures, organization
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V -- no assignement
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research
Deposited By: elib DLR-Beauftragter
Deposited On:16 Dec 2005
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 19:57

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