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A new approach for validating modelled agricultural biomass potentials using BETHY/DLR and statistical data

Tum, Markus and Niklaus, Markus and Günther, Kurt P. and Kappas, Martin (2010) A new approach for validating modelled agricultural biomass potentials using BETHY/DLR and statistical data. ISPRS Commission VIII 2010 Symposium, 09.-13. Aug 2010, Kyoto, Japan.

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Abstract

A new approach is presented to validate modelled agricultural biomass potentials with statistical data on high resolution. First investigations for German and Austrian districts show coefficients of determination (r²) of up to 0.79. Our model results are computed with the dynamic vegetation model BETHY/DLR (Biosphere Energy Transfer Hydrology Model). BETHY/DLR is a modification of the JSBACH model which computes the biosphere-atmosphere exchange within the ECHAM5 global climate model. Primarily the photosynthetic rate of vegetation types is computed with time steps of one hour and currently with a spatial resolution of about 1km x 1km. Further modules are included, which compute the water balance and radiative energy transfer between atmosphere, vegetation and soil. The model is driven by remote sensing data sets of LAI and land cover classification (GLC2000), derived through SPOT-VEGETATION, meteorological parameters provided by the European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) and soil type information by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). The model output, which is gross primary productivity (GPP), is calculated daily. By subtracting the cumulative plant maintenance respiration net primary production (NPP) is determined. In order to validate the modelled NPP, data of crop yield estimates derived from national statistics are used to calculate above ground biomass by using conversion factors of corn to straw relations. Furthermore conversion factors of shoot to root relations are used to determine total biomass. Finally the carbon content of dry matter is estimated. For correlating the modelled data with statistical results, it is aggregated to NPP per administrative district (NUTS-3 level).

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Title:A new approach for validating modelled agricultural biomass potentials using BETHY/DLR and statistical data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Tum, Markusmarkus.tum@dlr.de
Niklaus, Markusmarkus.niklaus@dlr.de
Günther, Kurt P.kurt.guenther@dlr.de
Kappas, Martinmkappas@uni-goettingen.de
Date:2010
Page Range:pp. 305-311
Status:Published
Keywords:Biomass Potential, Modelling, Remote Sensing, National Statistics, Net Primary Productivity, NUTS
Event Title:ISPRS Commission VIII 2010 Symposium
Event Location:Kyoto, Japan
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:09.-13. Aug 2010
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Datenprodukte für Klima- und Atmosphärenanwendungen (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Deposited By: Markus Tum
Deposited On:25 Nov 2010 20:02
Last Modified:25 Nov 2010 20:02

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