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Imaging Geodesy—Toward Centimeter-Level Ranging Accuracy With TerraSAR-X

Eineder, Michael and Minet, Christian and Steigenberger, Peter and Cong, Xiaoying (2010) Imaging Geodesy—Toward Centimeter-Level Ranging Accuracy With TerraSAR-X. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. IEEE. DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2010.2060264. (In Press)

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Abstract

In this paper we report on experiments to measure large scale Earth surface displacements such as caused by solid Earth tides with centimetre-level accuracy using TerraSAR-X radar images. With two totally different approaches, corner reflectors and image correlation techniques, we show clear interrelation between the radar range measurements and the projection of the solid Earth tide motion vector onto the radar line of sight. Pixel location accuracies of up to 2.6 cm standard deviation can be achieved after a single calibration. We further demonstrate that solid Earth tides and tropospheric water vapour variations are the largest sources of ranging error if not compensated for. Alternatively, tropospheric water vapour can be estimated with centimetre accuracy using our proposed technique of SAR image correlation and solid Earth motion compensation by existing models. We also consider ionospheric delays which improve the results marginally in X-band. Our results show the best ranging accuracies so far reported for space-borne radar amplitude images and make TerraSAR-X - together with our simple compensation methodology - suitable for imaging of centimetre-level Earth displacements. Absolute measurements of volcanoes or glaciers are possible without the use of ground equipment and without the use of SAR interferometry, thus avoiding the associated problems of phase ambiguity, phase unwrapping and reference points.

Document Type:Article
Title:Imaging Geodesy—Toward Centimeter-Level Ranging Accuracy With TerraSAR-X
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Eineder, MichaelIMF
Minet, ChristianIMF
Steigenberger, PeterTechnische Universität München
Cong, XiaoyingTechnische Universität München
Date:October 2010
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI:10.1109/TGRS.2010.2060264
Publisher:IEEE
Status:In Press
Keywords:Electromagnetic refraction, geodesy, radar interferometry, radar measurements.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben hochauflösende Fernerkundungsverfahreen (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > SAR Signal Processing
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Michael Eineder
Deposited On:27 Oct 2010 14:12
Last Modified:04 Apr 2013 16:24

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