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Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium

Kminek, G. and Rummel, J.D. and Cockell, C.S. and Atlas, R. and Barlow, N. and Beaty, D. and Boynton, W. and Carr, M. and Clifford, S. and Conley, C.A. and Davila, A.F. and Debus, A. and Doran, P. and Hecht, M. and Heldmann, J. and Helbert, J. and Hipkin, V. and Horneck, Gerda and Kieft, T.L. and Klingelhoefer, Annette and Meyer, Matthias and Newsom, H. and Ori, G.G. and Parnell, J. and Prieur, D. and Raulin, F. and Schulze-Makuch, D. and Spry, J.A. and Stabekis, P.E. and Stackebrandt, E. and Vago, J. and Viso, M. and Voytek, M. and Wells, L. and Westall, F. (2010) Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium. Advances in Space Research, 46 (6), pp. 811-829. ELSEVIER. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2010.04.039.

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Abstract

In this paper we present the findings of a COSPAR Mars Special Regions Colloquium held in Rome in 2007. We review and discuss the definition of Mars Special Regions, the physical parameters used to define Mars Special Regions, and physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as Mars Special Regions. We conclude that any region experiencing temperatures > ‑25 °C for a few hours a year and a water activity > 0.5 can potentially allow the replication of terrestrial microorganisms. Physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as meeting these conditions constitute a Mars Special Region. Based on current knowledge of the martian environment and the conservative nature of planetary protection, the following features constitute Mars Special regions: Gullies and bright streaks associated with them, pasted-on terrain, deep subsurface, dark streaks only on a case-by-case basis, others to be determined. The parameter definition and the associated list of physical features should be re-evaluated on a regular basis.

Document Type:Article
Title:Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Kminek, G.European Space Agency, D/HME, ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands
Rummel, J.D. East Carolina University, East Fifth Street, Greenville, NC 27858-4353, USA
Cockell, C.S. Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK
Atlas, R. University of Louisville, Louiseville, KY 40292, USA
Barlow, N. Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011-6010, USA
Beaty, D. NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, CA 91109-8001, USA
Boynton, W. Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Carr, M. United States Geological Survey Pacific Science Center, 400 Natural, Bridges Drive, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
Clifford, S. Lunar and Planetary Institute, 3600 Bay Area Blvd, Houston, TX 77058, USA
Conley, C.A. NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546-0001, USA
Davila, A.F. NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA
Debus, A.CNES, Toulouse
Doran, P. University of Illinois in Chicago, 845 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
Hecht, M. NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, CA 91109-8001, USA
Heldmann, J. NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA
Helbert, J. joern.helbert@dlr.de
Hipkin, V. Canadian Space Agency, 6767 Route de l’Aéroport, Saint-Hubert, Quebec, Canada J3Y 8Y9
Horneck, Gerdagerda.horneck@dlr.de, Köln
Kieft, T.L. New Mexico Tech, 801 Leroy Pl., Socorro, NM 87801, USA
Klingelhoefer, AnnetteAnnette.Klingelhoefer@dlr.de, Berlin
Meyer, Matthiasmatthias.meyer@dlr.de, Braunschweig
Newsom, H. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA
Ori, G.G.International Research School of Planetary Science, Università d'Annunzio, Pescara, Italy
Parnell, J.Dept. of Geology and Petroleum Geology, Aberdeen, UK
Prieur, D.University of Brest, Brest, France
Raulin, F.CNRS and Universités Paris, 61
Schulze-Makuch, D. Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6376, USA
Spry, J.A. NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, CA 91109-8001, USA
Stabekis, P.E. NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546-0001, USA
Stackebrandt, E.DSMZ, Inhoffenstrasse 7B, 38124
Vago, J. ESA-ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, 2200 Noordwijk, The Netherlands
Viso, M. CNES, Agence Francaise de l’Espace, 18, Avenue Edouard Belin 31 401 Toulouse Cedex 9, France
Voytek, M. NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546-0001, USA
Wells, L. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19014, USA
Westall, F.Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, Orléans, France
Date:September 2010
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:46
DOI:10.1016/j.asr.2010.04.039
Page Range:pp. 811-829
Publisher:ELSEVIER
Status:Published
Keywords:COSPAR mars special regions colloquium
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt ExoMars (old)
Location: Köln-Porz , Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Terahertz and Infrared Sensors
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Ulrike Stiebeler
Deposited On:02 Nov 2010 11:32
Last Modified:26 Mar 2013 13:20

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