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ExploreNEOs. I. Description and first results from the Warm Spitzer Near-Earth Object Survey

Trilling, D. E. und Mueller, M. und Hora, J. L. und Harris, A. W. und Bhattacharya, B. und Bottke, W. F. und Chesley, S. und Delbo, M. und Emery, J. P. und Fazio, G. und Mainzer, A. und Penprase, B. und Smith, H. A. und Spahr, T. B. und Stansberry, J. A. und Thomas, C. A. (2010) ExploreNEOs. I. Description and first results from the Warm Spitzer Near-Earth Object Survey. Astronomical Journal, 140 (3), Seiten 770-784. DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/140/3/770.

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Offizielle URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/1538-3881/140/3/770/

Kurzfassung

We have begun the ExploreNEOs project in which we observe some 700 Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) at 3.6 and 4.5 μm with the Spitzer Space Telescope in its Warm Spitzer mode. From these measurements and catalog optical photometry we derive albedos and diameters of the observed targets. The overall goal of our ExploreNEOs program is to study the history of near-Earth space by deriving the physical properties of a large number of NEOs. In this paper, we describe both the scientific and technical construction of our ExploreNEOs program. We present our observational, photometric, and thermal modeling techniques. We present results from the first 101 targets observed in this program. We find that the distribution of albedos in this first sample is quite broad, probably indicating a wide range of compositions within the NEO population. Many objects smaller than 1 km have high albedos (0.35), but few objects larger than 1 km have high albedos. This result is consistent with the idea that these larger objects are collisionally older, and therefore possess surfaces that are more space weathered and therefore darker, or are not subject to other surface rejuvenating events as frequently as smaller NEOs.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:ExploreNEOs. I. Description and first results from the Warm Spitzer Near-Earth Object Survey
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Trilling, D. E. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86001, USA
Mueller, M.Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
Hora, J. L.Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-65, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Harris, A. W.alan.harris@dlr.de
Bhattacharya, B.NASA Herschel Science Center, Caltech, M/S 100-22, 770 South Wilson Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Bottke, W. F.Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USA
Chesley, S.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Delbo, M.Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
Emery, J. P.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Tennessee, 1412 Circle Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
Fazio, G.Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-65, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA 4
Mainzer, A.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Penprase, B.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Pomona College, 610 North College Avenue, Claremont, CA 91711, USA
Smith, H. A.Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-65, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Spahr, T. B.Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-65, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Stansberry, J. A.Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Thomas, C. A.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86001, USA
Datum:9 August 2010
Erschienen in:Astronomical Journal
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:140
DOI :10.1088/0004-6256/140/3/770
Seitenbereich:Seiten 770-784
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:minor planets, asteroids: general; infrared: planetary systems; surveys
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Asteroiden und Kometen (alt)
Standort: Berlin-Adlershof
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Planetenforschung > Asteroiden und Kometen
Hinterlegt von: Michael Mommert
Hinterlegt am:13 Okt 2010 12:50
Letzte Änderung:20 Mär 2013 19:43

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