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Polarimetric Decomposition Over Glacier Ice Using Long-wavelength Airborne PolSAR

Sharma, Jayanti and Hajnsek, Irena and Papathanassiou, Konstantinos and Moreira, Alberto (2011) Polarimetric Decomposition Over Glacier Ice Using Long-wavelength Airborne PolSAR. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 49 (1), pp. 519-535. IEEE. DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2010.2056692. ISSN 0196-2892.

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Official URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=5557789&tag=1

Abstract

In recent years there has been increased interest in using SAR to study and monitor glaciers and ice sheets for glaciological and climate change research. However, due to the medium's complexity, SAR backscattering from ice remains poorly understood, including the relative importance of scattering from surface and volume layers, and dependencies on frequency and glacier zone. Extreme weather conditions can result in quickly changing surface conditions influencing backscatter signatures, while leaving the underlying volume of interest unchanged. Surface and volume components must thus be separated in order to infer information regarding the properties of the ice volume. This paper describes a three-component scattering model to decompose polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) images of glacier ice. Total backscatter is modeled as the incoherent summation of surface, volume and sastrugi (wind-induced feature) components. The proposed model adapts and extends the Freeman and Durden decomposition for an ice volume scenario in which the volume is a dielectric medium. Forms of the model for both random and oriented volumes are considered and a new oriented sastrugi component is introduced which is able to explain backscatter behavior between different winter scenes. Validation is performed with airborne PolSAR data at L- and P-band collected using DLR's E-SAR system over the Austfonna ice cap in Svalbard, Norway as part of the ICESAR campaign.

Document Type:Article
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Title:Polarimetric Decomposition Over Glacier Ice Using Long-wavelength Airborne PolSAR
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Sharma, JayantiUNSPECIFIED
Hajnsek, IrenaUNSPECIFIED
Papathanassiou, KonstantinosUNSPECIFIED
Moreira, AlbertoUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2011
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:49
DOI:10.1109/TGRS.2010.2056692
Page Range:pp. 519-535
Editors:
EditorsEmail
UNSPECIFIEDIEEE
Publisher:IEEE
ISSN:0196-2892
Status:Published
Keywords:polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR), target decomposition, scattering mechanism, land ice
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Prosmart, Smart-SAR (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute > Radar Concepts
Deposited By: Jayanti Sharma
Deposited On:19 Jul 2010 08:55
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:59

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