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Development and characterization of the superconducting integrated receiver channel of the TELIS atmospheric sounder

de Lange, G. and Birk, Manfred and Boersma, D. and Dercksen, J. and Dmitriev, P. and Ermakov, A.B. and Filippenko, L.V. and Golstein, H. and Hoogeveen, R. and de Jong, L. and Khudchenko, A. and Kinev, N. and Kiselev, O. and van Kuik, B. and de Lange, A. and van Rantwijk, J. and Selig, A. and Sobolev, A. and Torgashin, M. and de Vries, E. and Wagner, Georg and Yagoubov, P. and Koshelets, V. (2010) Development and characterization of the superconducting integrated receiver channel of the TELIS atmospheric sounder. Superconductor Science & Technology, 23 (4), pp. 1-8. IOP Publishing. DOI: 10.1088/0953-2048/23/4/045016. ISSN 0953-2048.

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Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/0953-2048/23/4/045016/

Abstract

The balloon-borne instrument TELIS (TErahertz and submillimetre LImb Sounder) is a three-channel superconducting heterodyne spectrometer for atmospheric research use. It detects spectral emission lines of stratospheric trace gases that have their rotational transitions at THz frequencies. One of the channels is based on the superconducting integrated receiver (SIR) technology. We demonstrate for the first time the capabilities of the SIR technology for heterodyne spectroscopy in general, and atmospheric limb sounding in particular. We also show that the application of SIR technology is not limited to laboratory environments, but that it is well suited for remote operation under harsh environmental conditions. Within a SIR the main components needed for a superconducting heterodyne receiver such as a superconductor�insulator�superconductor (SIS) mixer with a quasi-optical antenna, a flux-flow oscillator (FFO) as the local oscillator, and a harmonic mixer to phase lock the FFO are integrated on a single chip. Light weight and low power consumption combined with broadband operation and nearly quantum limited sensitivity make the SIR a perfect candidate for use in future airborne and space-borne missions. The noise temperature of the SIR was measured to be as low as 120 K, with an intermediate frequency band of 4�8 GHz in double-sideband operation. The spectral resolution is well below 1 MHz, confirmed by our measurements. Remote control of the SIR under flight conditions has been demonstrated in a successful balloon flight in Kiruna, Sweden. The sensor and instrument design are presented, as well as the preliminary science results from the first flight.

Document Type:Article
Title:Development and characterization of the superconducting integrated receiver channel of the TELIS atmospheric sounder
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
de Lange, G.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Birk, Manfredmanfred.birk@dlr.de
Boersma, D.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Dercksen, J.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Dmitriev, P.The Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, 11/7 Mokhovaya Street, 125009, Moscow, Russia
Ermakov, A.B.The Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, 11/7 Mokhovaya Street, 125009, Moscow, Russia
Filippenko, L.V.The Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, 11/7 Mokhovaya Street, 125009, Moscow, Russia
Golstein, H.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Hoogeveen, R.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
de Jong, L.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Khudchenko, A.The Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, 11/7 Mokhovaya Street, 125009, Moscow, Russia
Kinev, N.The Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, 11/7 Mokhovaya Street, 125009, Moscow, Russia
Kiselev, O.The Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, 11/7 Mokhovaya Street, 125009, Moscow, Russia
van Kuik, B.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
de Lange, A.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
van Rantwijk, J.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Selig, A.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Sobolev, A.The Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, 11/7 Mokhovaya Street, 125009, Moscow, Russia
Torgashin, M.The Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, 11/7 Mokhovaya Street, 125009, Moscow, Russia
de Vries, E.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Wagner, Georggeorg.wagner@dlr.de
Yagoubov, P.European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere (ESO), Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching bei München, Germany
Koshelets, V.The Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, 11/7 Mokhovaya Street, 125009, Moscow, Russia
Date:March 2010
Journal or Publication Title:Superconductor Science & Technology
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:23
DOI:10.1088/0953-2048/23/4/045016
Page Range:pp. 1-8
Publisher:IOP Publishing
ISSN:0953-2048
Status:Published
Keywords:atmospheric remote sensing, TELIS, heterodyne receiver, superconducting integrated receiver
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt TELIS (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Experimental Methods
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Georg Wagner
Deposited On:15 Jul 2010 10:34
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:59

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