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A simplified model of the wave generation due to train-tunnel entry

Wagner, Sebastian and Ehrenfried, Klaus and Dillmann, Andreas (2010) A simplified model of the wave generation due to train-tunnel entry. Aerodynamics of Heavy Vehicles III: Trucks, Buses and Trains , 12. - 17. Sept. 2010, Potsdam; Germany.

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Abstract

The compression wave generated when a high-speed train enters a tunnel at Mach numbers smaller than 0.4 can be described in good approximation by a linear theory of a non-viscous compressible fluid. The wave equation for the acoustic potential becomes the governing equation. It is solved by a three dimensional boundary element method in time domain which forces a vanishing normal component of the velocity at the tunnel wall. It is assumed that the elements are compact in time. This leads to a linear equation in which a matrix-vector multiplication has to be evaluated for every time-step. The aim is to create a fast method which sets as few constraints on the geometry as possible but nevertheless gives an accurate description of the wave propagation. In a first step the elements are assumed to be rectangles. An infinitely thin cylindric tube of finite length is taken as a first geometry of the tunnel. The train is modeled by a single moving mass source of monopole type. It defines a semi-infinite body whose shape slightly changes when entering the tunnel. The results of this simple model along with the comparison with analytical solutions and experimental data will be presented and discussed at the conference.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:A simplified model of the wave generation due to train-tunnel entry
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Wagner, Sebastiansebastian.wagner@dlr.de
Ehrenfried, Klausklaus.ehrenfried@dlr.de
Dillmann, Andreasandreas.dillmann@dlr.de
Date:September 2010
Refereed publication:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:acoustics, train, tunnel, boundary element method
Event Title:Aerodynamics of Heavy Vehicles III: Trucks, Buses and Trains
Event Location:Potsdam; Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:12. - 17. Sept. 2010
Organizer:Prof. Dr. Andreas Dillmann
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Raumfahrzeugsysteme - Konzepte und Entwurf (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Fluid Systems
Deposited By: Sebastian Wagner
Deposited On:03 Dec 2010 08:23
Last Modified:03 Dec 2010 08:23

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