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Estimates of the climate impact of future small-scale supersonic transport aircraft – results from the HISAC EU-project

Grewe, Volker and Plohr, Martin and Cerino, G. and Di Muzio, M. and Deremaux, Yann and Galerneau, M. and de Staint Martin, P. and Chaika, T and Hasselrot, A. and Tengzelius, Ulf and Korovkin, Vladimir D. (2010) Estimates of the climate impact of future small-scale supersonic transport aircraft – results from the HISAC EU-project. The Aeronautical Journal, 114 (1153), pp. 199-206.

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Official URL: http://www.raes.org.uk/aero_journal.asp


The climate impacts of three fleets of supersonic small-scale transport aircraft (S4TA) are simulated. Based on characteristic aircraft parameters, which were developed within the EU-project HISAC, emissions along geographically representative trajectories are calculated and in addition the resulting changes in the atmospheric composition (carbon dioxide, ozone layer, water vapour) and climate (near surface global mean temperature) are deduced. We assume a fleet development with an entry in service in 2015, a full fleet in 2050. The results show a temperature increase of 0·08mK (0·07-0·10mK) with only small but statistically significant variations between the configurations, leading to a minimum climate impact for a weight optimised and hence lower flying aircraft. A climate impact ratio of 3·0 ± 0·4 between a S4TA and its subsonic counterpart is calculated, which is considerable less than for previous supersonic fleets because of a lower flight altitude, leading to smaller water vapour impacts.

Document Type:Article
Title:Estimates of the climate impact of future small-scale supersonic transport aircraft – results from the HISAC EU-project
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Grewe, VolkerVolker.Grewe@dlr.de
Plohr, MartinDLR, Köln
Cerino, G.AleniaAeronautica, Naples, I
Di Muzio, M.AleniaAeronautica, Naples, I
Deremaux, YannDassault Aviation, Paris, F
Galerneau, M.Dassault Aviation, Paris, F
de Staint Martin, P.Dassault Aviation, Paris, F
Chaika, TSukhoi Civil Aviation, Moscow, R
Hasselrot, A.Swedish Defence Research Agency, Stockholm, S
Tengzelius, UlfSwedish Defence Research Agency, Stockholm, S
Korovkin, Vladimir D.Central Institute of Aviation Motors, Moscow, R
Date:March 2010
Journal or Publication Title:The Aeronautical Journal
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 199-206
Keywords:Supersonic transport, air traffic, climate impact, AirClim
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Low-Emission Air Traffic (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Dynamics
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Volker Grewe
Deposited On:11 May 2010 17:20
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:57

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