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Ionosphere induced higher order effects on GPS radio occultation measurements

Hoque, Mohammed Mainul und Jakowski, Norbert (2010) Ionosphere induced higher order effects on GPS radio occultation measurements. International Beacon Satellite Symposium 2010, BSS2010, 7-11 Jun 2010, Barcelona, Spain .

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We have investigated higher order ionospheric effects on GPS radio occultation measurements onboard Low Earth Orbiting (LEO) satellites. Due to long ionospheric limb paths, GPS measurements are strongly affected by ionospheric refraction during radio occultation. Since the ionospheric refractive index depends mainly on the electron density, the inversion of the measured total electron content (TEC) from the radio occultation or limb sounding data provides the vertical electron density profile from the LEO height down to the bottom side of the ionosphere. In general, the TEC along a GPS-LEO path is calculated using the GPS dual frequency measurements. However, in the common practice only the first order ionospheric term in the expansion of the refractive index is taken into account for the TEC estimation, i.e., higher order ionospheric terms such as the second and third order terms, and ray path bending effects are ignored. The resulting error in TEC estimation leads thus to an erroneous reconstruction of the vertical profile of electron density. Additionally, due to the bending, the tangential height of the curved path deviates from that defined by the straight line of sight propagation. This leads to an erroneous determination of the reference height in the retrieval technique. Using a two dimensional ray tracing program, higher order ionospheric terms such as the second and third order ionospheric phase delays, and ray path bending related terms such as the ray path deviation, excess path length of the signal and TEC difference between the GPS L1 and L2 signal paths have been computed. In addition, higher order propagation effects on the dual-frequency range estimation and TEC estimation during occultation will be presented. We have found that during radio occultation the separation between the GPS L1 and L2 ray paths approaches the kilometer level if TEC exceeds 160 TECU. In this case the differences between the tangential heights of the curved path and LoS path exceed the kilometer level for both the L1 and L2 signals. Conclusions are drawn how to mitigate such higher order effects in radio occultation retrievals.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Poster)
Titel:Ionosphere induced higher order effects on GPS radio occultation measurements
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID-iD
Datum:Juni 2010
In Open Access:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Stichwörter:Higher order ionospheric effects, GPS radio occultation, Bending error
Veranstaltungstitel:International Beacon Satellite Symposium 2010, BSS2010
Veranstaltungsort:Barcelona, Spain
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum: 7-11 Jun 2010
Veranstalter :Technical University of Catalonia (gAGE/UPC)
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Weltraumwetter (alt)
Standort: Neustrelitz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Kommunikation und Navigation
Hinterlegt von: Hoque, Mohammed Mainul
Hinterlegt am:08 Jun 2010 11:51
Letzte Änderung:26 Sep 2012 10:15

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