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Vibration as an exercise modality: how it may work, and what its potential might be

Rittweger, Jörn (2010) Vibration as an exercise modality: how it may work, and what its potential might be. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 108 (5), pp. 877-904.

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Abstract

Whilst exposure to vibration is traditionally regarded as perilous, recent research has focussed on potential benefits. Here, the physical principles of forced oscillations are discussed in relation to vibration as an exercise modality. Acute physiological responses to isolated tendon and muscle vibration and to whole body vibration exercise are reviewed, as well as the training effects upon the musculature, bone mineral density and posture. Possible applications in sports and medicine are discussed. Evidence suggests that acute vibration exercise seems to elicit a specific warm-up effect, and that vibration training seems to improve muscle power, although the potential benefits over traditional forms of resistive exercise are still unclear. Vibration training also seems to improve balance in sub-populations prone to fall, such as frail elderly people. Moreover, literature suggests that vibration is beneficial to reduce chronic lower back pain and other types of pain. Other future indications are perceivable.

Document Type:Article
Title:Vibration as an exercise modality: how it may work, and what its potential might be
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Rittweger, JörnGerman Aerospace Center (DLR)
Date:March 2010
Journal or Publication Title:European Journal of Applied Physiology
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:108
Page Range:pp. 877-904
Status:Published
Keywords:Mechanical oscillation, Training, Rehabilitation. Physical medicine, Safety, ISO standard
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Integrative Studien (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Space Physiology
Deposited By: Jörn Rittweger
Deposited On:28 Apr 2010 12:15
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:56

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