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Origin and Evolution of Life on Terrestrial Planets

Brack, A. and Horneck, G. and Cockell, C.S. and Bérces, A. and Belisheva, N.K. and Eiroa, Carlos and Henning, Thomas and Herbst, Tom and Kaltenegger, Lisa and Léger, Alain and Liseau, Réne and Lammer, Helmut and Selsis, Franck and Beichman, Charles and Danchi, William and Fridlund, Malcolm and Lunine, Jonathan and Paresce, Francesco and Penny, Alan and Quirrenbach, Andreas and Röttgering, Huub and Schneider, Jean and Stam, Daphne and Tinetti, Giovanna and White, Glenn J. (2010) Origin and Evolution of Life on Terrestrial Planets. Astrobiology, 10 (1), pp. 69-76. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.. DOI: 10.1089/ast.2009.0374.

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The ultimate goal of terrestrial planet-finding missions is not only to discover terrestrial exoplanets inside the habitable zone (HZ) of their host stars but also to address the major question as to whether life may have evolved on a habitable Earth-like exoplanet outside our Solar System. We note that the chemical evolution that finally led to the origin of life on Earth must be studied if we hope to understand the principles of how life might evolve on other terrestrial planets in the Universe. This is not just an anthropocentric point of view: the basic ingredients of terrestrial life, that is, reduced carbon-based molecules and liquid H₂O, have very specific properties. We discuss the origin of life from the chemical evolution of its precursors to the earliest life-forms and the biological implications of the stellar radiation and energetic particle environments. Likewise, the study of the biological evolution that has generated the various life-forms on Earth provides clues toward the understanding of the interconnectedness of life with its environment.

Document Type:Article
Title:Origin and Evolution of Life on Terrestrial Planets
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Brack, A.Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, Orléans, France.
Cockell, C.S. Geochemical Research Group, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.
Bérces, A. MTA-SE Research Group for Biophysics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.
Belisheva, N.K. Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute, Kola Scientific Centre, Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Russian Federation.
Eiroa, Carlos Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Henning, Thomas Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie, Heidelberg, Germany.
Herbst, Tom Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie, Heidelberg, Germany.
Kaltenegger, Lisa Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Léger, Alain Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale, Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.
Liseau, Réne Department of Radio and Space Science, Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala, Sweden.
Lammer, Helmut Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria.
Selsis, Franck University of Bordeaux 1, Bordeaux, France
Beichman, Charles NASA Exoplanet Science Institute, California Institute of Technology and Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, USA.
Danchi, William NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
Fridlund, Malcolm Research and Scientific Support Department, ESA, European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, the Netherlands
Lunine, Jonathan Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, Tucson, Arizona, USA.
Paresce, Francesco Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Rome, Italy.
Penny, Alan Space Science & Technology Department, CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire, UK.
Quirrenbach, Andreas Landessternwarte, Heidelberg, Germany
Röttgering, Huub Leiden Observatory, Leiden, the Netherlands.
Schneider, Jean Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, Laboratoire de l’Univers et ses Théories, Meudon, France.
Stam, Daphne SRON, Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Tinetti, Giovanna Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London, UK.
White, Glenn J. The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK. and Space Science & Technology Department, CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire, UK.
Journal or Publication Title:Astrobiology
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 69-76
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Keywords:Organic molecules, Origin of life, Astrobiology, Radiation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kerstin Kopp
Deposited On:12 Apr 2010 13:28
Last Modified:26 Mar 2013 13:16

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