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Phase-resolved 2D diagnostics of self-excited combustion oscillations in a gas turbine model combustor

Heinze, Johannes und Diers, Olaf und Magens, Eggert und Meier, Ulrich (2009) Phase-resolved 2D diagnostics of self-excited combustion oscillations in a gas turbine model combustor. Gordon Research Conference - Laser Diagnostics in Combustion, 16.-21. Aug. 2009, Waterville Valley, NH (USA).

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Kurzfassung

For the investigation of periodic unsteady phenomena in gas turbine combustors, an off-line phase-sorting method was developed and applied to retrieve phase-resolved data from randomly sampled single pulse images. Simultaneously recorded real-time traces of reference data (e.g. pressure or spatially integrated chemiluminescence) were used to determine the local amplitude, phase and frequency of the combustion oscillation combining mode decomposition and the Hilbert transformation. This method was used to investigate self excited combustion oscillations in a gas turbine model combustor with airblast atomizer at realistic operating conditions at elevated pressures up to 12 bar. Phase resolved images of the fuel distribution (planar Mie scattering, kerosene PLIF), reaction zone (OH chemiluminescence using Abel inversion) and the temperature field (simultaneous absorption and PLIF measurement of OH) are presented. In technical combustion systems OH PLIF measurements lead generally to the problems of laser absorption and of the interference of OH and kerosene LIF. The simultaneous detection of the PLIF signal by two cameras using different spectral filters reduces the interference substantially. A simultaneous measurement of laser absorption and OH LIF allows a laser absorption correction and an absolute calibration of the OH PLIF image in terms of local number densities. The temperature can be deduced assuming OH equilibrium concentration in lean flames (phi<0.9), where [OH] is nearly independent of phi and a function of temperature only. The high temperature sensitivity of this method, which is about 8 times higher than the sensitivity of the frequently used OH 2-line thermometry, enables a reliable evaluation of single-pulse temperature images.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Poster)
Titel:Phase-resolved 2D diagnostics of self-excited combustion oscillations in a gas turbine model combustor
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Heinze, Johannesjohannes.heinze@dlr.de
Diers, Olafolaf.diers@dlr.de
Magens, Eggerteggert.magens@dlr.de
Meier, Ulrichulrich.meier@dlr.de
Datum:August 2009
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:combustion diagnostics, spectroscopic methods, combustion oscillation, thermo-acoustics, PLIF, laser diagnostics, gas turbine
Veranstaltungstitel:Gordon Research Conference - Laser Diagnostics in Combustion
Veranstaltungsort:Waterville Valley, NH (USA)
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:16.-21. Aug. 2009
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:Antriebe
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L ER - Antriebsforschung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L - Virtuelles Triebwerk und Validierungsmethoden
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Antriebstechnik
Institut für Antriebstechnik > Triebwerksmesstechnik
Institut für Antriebstechnik > Brennkammer
Hinterlegt von: Dr.phil. Christian Willert
Hinterlegt am:15 Mär 2010 08:53
Letzte Änderung:15 Mär 2010 08:53

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