Krüger, H.-P. and Vollrath, M. (2004) The alcohol-related accident risk in Germany: procedure, methods and results. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 36 (1), pp. 125-133.
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This paper presents the first reliable estimation of the alcohol-related accident risk in Germany by comparing a representative sample of accidents to a representative sample of trips not leading to a crash. The information about the trips was taken from the German Roadside Survey 19921994 (n = 9087) conducted in Unterfranken, part of Bavaria. These data were weighted according to a representative study of driving in Germany (KONTIV 89). The accident study comprises a representative sample of accidents in Unterfranken in 1993 (n = 1968). Relating accident risk to BAC, the global risk function indicates an exponential increase of accident risk for BACs above 0.05%. Controlling for correlating factors leads to an overall lower estimation with, however, the same structure, indicating that alcohol is consumed by drivers in circumstances which further increase the risk introduced by alcohol. Analyzing the attributable risk (AR) shows that about 12% of all accidents are attributable to alcohol. Over 96% of these happen with BACs of 0.05% and above. Thus, measures aimed at reducing the alcohol-related accident risk must focus on larger BACs, especially of 0.08% and above.
|Title:||The alcohol-related accident risk in Germany: procedure, methods and results|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Accident Analysis and Prevention|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Page Range:||pp. 125-133|
|Keywords:||Accident risk; Alcohol; Alcohol-related risk function; Attributable risk|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)|
|HGF - Program:||Transport|
|HGF - Program Themes:||V SH - Verbesserung der Sicherheit im Verkehr (old)|
|DLR - Research area:||Transport|
|DLR - Program:||V SH - Verbesserung der Sicherheit im Verkehr|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||UNSPECIFIED|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Transportation Systems > Institute of Transportation Systems|
|Deposited By:||elib DLR-Beauftragter|
|Deposited On:||16 Sep 2005|
|Last Modified:||06 Jan 2010 20:07|
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