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Combined evaluations of meteorological parameters, traffic noise and air pollution in an Alpine valley

Heimann, Dietrich and Schäfer, Klaus and Emeis, Stefan and Suppan, Peter and Obleitner, Friedrich and Uhrner, Ulrich (2010) Combined evaluations of meteorological parameters, traffic noise and air pollution in an Alpine valley. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 19 (1), pp. 47-61. DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2010/0426.

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Abstract

Concurrent measurements of meteorological parameters, traffic flow and vehicle composition, NOx concentrations and noise levels have been performed during a consecutive 166-hour (approx. one week) episode in the Austrian Inn valley. The study elaborates the meteorologically induced effects on the transport and dispersion of air pollutants (NOx) and the propagation of sound waves from the motorway in the valley towards two receptor/receiver sites, one at the valley bottom, the other one at an elevated slope position. Due to complex transmission effects only a small portion of the observed variations in the air and noise pollution at the two sites can be explained by the varying emission at the motorway. With the help of simple models it is shown that by adding merely one or two meteorological parameters a substantially larger portion of the variation can be explained. The vertical temperature gradient turned out to be the meteorological key parameter. It controls the mixing volume (confined by the valley sides and the mixing-layer top) and the sound wave refraction which strongly determine air pollution and noise level, respectively.

Document Type:Article
Title:Combined evaluations of meteorological parameters, traffic noise and air pollution in an Alpine valley
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Heimann, DietrichDLR
Schäfer, KlausKIT-IMK-IfU, Karlsruhe
Emeis, StefanKIT-IMK-IfU, Karlsruhe
Suppan, PeterKIT-IMK-IfU, Karlsruhe
Obleitner, FriedrichUniv. Innsbruck
Uhrner, UlrichTU Graz
Date:2010
Journal or Publication Title:Meteorologische Zeitschrift
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:19
DOI:10.1127/0941-2948/2010/0426
Page Range:pp. 47-61
Status:Published
Keywords:Meteorologie, Luftverschmutzung, Lärm, Verkehr, Tal, Gebirge, Messung, Modell
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Umweltwirkungen des Verkehrs (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Dynamics
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat.hab. Dietrich Heimann
Deposited On:09 Mar 2010 11:44
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:54

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