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Satellite-based snow identification and its impact on monitoring photovoltaic systems

Wirth, Georg und Schroedter-Homscheidt, Marion und Zehner, Mike und Becker, Gerd (2010) Satellite-based snow identification and its impact on monitoring photovoltaic systems. Solar Energy, 84 (2), Seiten 215-226. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2009.10.023 . ISSN 0038-092X.

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Kurzfassung

Earth observation allows the separation of snow cover and cloudiness using multispectral measurements. Several satellite-based snow monitoring services are available, ranging from regional to world-wide scales. Using these data enables photovoltaic (PV) plant management to differentiate between failures due to snow coverage on a PV system and other error sources. Additionally, yield estimates for solar siting are improved. This paper presents a validation study from January to April 2006 comparing satellite-based datasets with ground measurements from German and Swiss meteorological stations. A false alarm rate, an error due to irradiance underestimation, the availability of daily data, and the classification accuracy are introduced as quality metrics. Compared to Switzerland, generally a higher accuracy is found in all datasets for Southern Germany. The most significant difference among the datasets is found in the error pattern shifting from too much snow (which results in an error due to underestimation of irradiance) to too little snow detection, causing a false alarm in PV monitoring. Overall, the data records of the Land Surface Analysis Satellite Application Facility (LSA SAF), the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the Interactive Multisensor Snow and Ice Mapping System (IMS) are found to be most suitable for solar energy purposes. The IMS dataset has a low false alarm rate (4%) and a good data availability (100%) making it a good choice for power plant monitoring, but the error due to underestimation relevant in site auditing is large with 59%. If a cumulative snow cover algorithm is applied to achieve information every day as needed both for power plant monitoring and site auditing, both the DLR and the LSA SAF datasets are comparable with classification accuracies of 70%, false alarm rates of 37% and 34%, respectively, and errors due to irradiance underestimation in 26% and 27% of all coincidences.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Satellite-based snow identification and its impact on monitoring photovoltaic systems
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Wirth, GeorgHochschule München
Schroedter-Homscheidt, Marionmarion.schroedter-homscheidt@dlr.de
Zehner, MikeHochschule München
Becker, GerdHochschule München
Datum:Januar 2010
Erschienen in:Solar Energy
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:84
DOI :10.1016/j.solener.2009.10.023
Seitenbereich:Seiten 215-226
Verlag:Elsevier
ISSN:0038-092X
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Snow cover; Satellite-derived snow monitoring; Automatic failure detection; Photovoltaic system; Monitoring
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (alt)
Standort: Berlin-Adlershof , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Deutsches Fernerkundungsdatenzentrum > Klima- und Atmosphärenprodukte
Hinterlegt von: Marion Schroedter-Homscheidt
Hinterlegt am:25 Jan 2010 10:05
Letzte Änderung:24 Apr 2013 16:51

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