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Driving and Situation Awareness: A Cognitive Model of Memory-Update Processes

Krems, Josef K and Baumann, Martin (2009) Driving and Situation Awareness: A Cognitive Model of Memory-Update Processes. In: Human Centered Design, 5619, pp. 986-994. Springer. HCI International, 19.- 24.7.2009, San Diego, USA. ISBN 978-3-642-02805-2.

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Abstract

Safe driving requires a mental representation of objects and situ- ational features relevant to the driver’s behavior. This includes the generation of predictions of how the situation will develop in the near future. These processes are summarized under the term “situation awareness”, previously proposed in the aviation domain. By now the cognitive mechanisms underlying situation awareness are far from being understood properly. In this paper we propose a theory that is based on results from studies in language understanding [1] and attention [2] and that is applied to the driving context. Mechanisms for the con- struction of a situation model and for the selection of actions are outlined. Fi- nally, predictions of the model concerning the effect of experience, relevance, and criticality on the drivers ́ mental representation are investigated. In a second study the effects of cognitive tasks on predicting events in traffic are focused.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Driving and Situation Awareness: A Cognitive Model of Memory-Update Processes
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Krems, Josef KTU Chemnitz
Baumann, Martinmartin.baumann@dlr.de
Date:2009
Journal or Publication Title:Human Centered Design
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:5619
Page Range:pp. 986-994
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Kurosu, MasaakiUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer
Series Name:Lecture Notes in Computer Science
ISBN:978-3-642-02805-2
Status:Published
Keywords:Situationsbewusstsein, Gedächtnis, Arbeitsgedächtnis, Kognitives Modell, Fahren, Verkehrspsychologie, Situation Awareness, Working Memory, Memory, Comprehension, Driving, Traffic Psychology
Event Title:HCI International
Event Location:San Diego, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:19.- 24.7.2009
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Fahrerassistenz (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Automotive
Deposited By: Dr.phil. Martin Baumann
Deposited On:14 Jan 2010 10:06
Last Modified:21 Feb 2011 11:32

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