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An introduction to the SCOUT-AMMA stratospheric aircraft, balloons and sondes campaign in West Africa, August 2006: rationale and roadmap

Cairo, F. and Pommerau, J.P. and Law, K. and Schlager, H. and Garnier, A. and Fierli, F. and Ern, M. and Streibel, M. and Arabas, S. and Borrmann, S. and Berthelier, J.J. and Blom, C. and Christensen, T. and D'Amato, F. and Di Donfrancesco, G. and Deshler, T. and Diedhiou, A. and Durry, G. and Engelsen, O. and Goutail, F. and Harris, N.R.P. and Kerstel, E.R.T. and Khaykin, S. and Konopka, P. and Kylling, A. and Larsen, N. and Lebel, T. and Liu, X. and MacKenzie, A.R. and Nielsen, J. and Oulanowski, A. and Parker, D.J. and Pelon, J. and Polcher, J. and Pyle, J.A. and Ravegnani, F. and Rivière, E.D. and Robinson, A.D. and Röckmann, T. and Schiller, C. and Simões, F. and Stefanutti, L. and Stroh, F. and Some, L. and Siegmund, P. and Sitnikov, N. and Vernier, J.P. and Volk, C.M. and Voigt, C. and von Hobe, M. and Viciani, S. and Yushkov, V. (2010) An introduction to the SCOUT-AMMA stratospheric aircraft, balloons and sondes campaign in West Africa, August 2006: rationale and roadmap. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, pp. 2237-2256.

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Official URL: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/2237/2010/

Abstract

A multi-platform field measurement campaign involving aircraft and balloons took place over West Africa between 26 July and 25 August 2006, in the frame of the concomitant AMMA Special Observing Period and SCOUT-O3 African tropical activities. Specifically aiming at sampling the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, the high-altitude research aircraft M55 Geophysica was deployed in Ouagadougou (12.3° N, 1.7° W), Burkina Faso, in conjunction with the German D-20 Falcon, while a series of stratospheric balloon and sonde flights were conducted from Niamey (13.5° N, 2.0° E), Niger. The stratospheric aircraft and balloon flights intended to gather experimental evidence for a better understanding of large scale transport, assessing the effect of lightning on NOx production, and studying the impact of intense mesoscale convective systems on water, aerosol, dust and chemical species in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. The M55 Geophysica carried out five local and four transfer flights between southern Europe and the Sahel and back, while eight stratospheric balloons and twenty-nine sondes were flown from Niamey. These experiments allowed a characterization of the tropopause and lower stratosphere of the region. We provide here an overview of the campaign activities together with a description of the general meteorological situation during the flights and a summary of the observations accomplished.

Document Type:Article
Title:An introduction to the SCOUT-AMMA stratospheric aircraft, balloons and sondes campaign in West Africa, August 2006: rationale and roadmap
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Cairo, F.Istit. per la Scienza dell'Atmosfera et del clima, Roma, I
Pommerau, J.P.LATMOS, St-Maur-des-Fosses, F
Law, K.LATMOS, St-Maur-des-Fosses, F
Schlager, H.DLR
Garnier, A.LATMOS, St-Maur-des-Fosses, F
Fierli, F.Istit. per la Scienza dell'Atmosfera et del clima, Roma, I
Ern, M.FZ Jülich, Jülich
Streibel, M.Cambridge Univ., Cambridge, UK
Arabas, S.UNSPECIFIED
Borrmann, S.UNSPECIFIED
Berthelier, J.J.UNSPECIFIED
Blom, C.UNSPECIFIED
Christensen, T.UNSPECIFIED
D'Amato, F.UNSPECIFIED
Di Donfrancesco, G.UNSPECIFIED
Deshler, T.UNSPECIFIED
Diedhiou, A.UNSPECIFIED
Durry, G.UNSPECIFIED
Engelsen, O.UNSPECIFIED
Goutail, F.UNSPECIFIED
Harris, N.R.P.UNSPECIFIED
Kerstel, E.R.T.UNSPECIFIED
Khaykin, S.UNSPECIFIED
Konopka, P.UNSPECIFIED
Kylling, A.UNSPECIFIED
Larsen, N.UNSPECIFIED
Lebel, T.UNSPECIFIED
Liu, X.UNSPECIFIED
MacKenzie, A.R.UNSPECIFIED
Nielsen, J.UNSPECIFIED
Oulanowski, A.UNSPECIFIED
Parker, D.J.UNSPECIFIED
Pelon, J.UNSPECIFIED
Polcher, J.UNSPECIFIED
Pyle, J.A.UNSPECIFIED
Ravegnani, F.UNSPECIFIED
Rivière, E.D.UNSPECIFIED
Robinson, A.D.UNSPECIFIED
Röckmann, T.UNSPECIFIED
Schiller, C.UNSPECIFIED
Simões, F.UNSPECIFIED
Stefanutti, L.UNSPECIFIED
Stroh, F.UNSPECIFIED
Some, L.UNSPECIFIED
Siegmund, P.UNSPECIFIED
Sitnikov, N.UNSPECIFIED
Vernier, J.P.UNSPECIFIED
Volk, C.M.UNSPECIFIED
Voigt, C.UNSPECIFIED
von Hobe, M.UNSPECIFIED
Viciani, S.UNSPECIFIED
Yushkov, V.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2010
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:10
Page Range:pp. 2237-2256
Status:Published
Keywords:TTL, West Africa, monsoon
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Yasemin Yilmaz
Deposited On:15 Dec 2009 14:40
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:49

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