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Mitigating the Health Impacts of Pollution from Oceangoing Shipping: An Assessment of Low-Sulfur Fuel Mandates

Winebrake, J.J. und Corbett, J.J. und Green, E.H. und Lauer, A. und Eyring, V. (2009) Mitigating the Health Impacts of Pollution from Oceangoing Shipping: An Assessment of Low-Sulfur Fuel Mandates. Environmental Science & Technology, 43 (13), Seiten 4776-4782. DOI: 10.1021/es803224q.

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Offizielle URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es803224q

Kurzfassung

Concerns about health effects due to emissions from ships have magnified international policy debate regarding low-sulfur fuel mandates for marine fuel. Policy discussions center on setting sulfur content levels and the geographic specification of low-sulfur fuel use. We quantify changes in premature mortality due to emissions from ships under several sulfur emissions control scenarios. We compare a 2012 No Control scenario (assuming 2.7% or 27 000ppmS) with three emissions control scenarios. Two control scenarios represent cases where marine fuel is limited to 0.5% S (5000 ppm) and 0.1% S (1000 ppm) content, respectively, within 200 nautical miles of coastal areas. The third control scenario represents a global limit of 0.5% S. We apply the global climate model ECHAM5/MESSy1-MADE to geospatial emissions inventories to determine worldwide concentrations of particular matter (PM2.5) from oceangoing vessels. Using those PM2.5 concentrations in cardiopulmonary and lung cancer concentration-risk functions and population models, we estimate annual premature mortality. Without control, our central estimate is approximately 87 000 premature deaths annually in 2012. Coastal area control scenarios reduce premature deaths by ~33 500 for the 0.5% case and ~43 500 for the 0.1% case. Where fuel sulfur content is reduced globally to 0.5% S, premature deaths are reduced by ~41 200. These results provide important support that global health benefits are associated with low-sulfur marine fuels,andallowforrelativecomparisonofthebenefitsofalternative control strategies.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Mitigating the Health Impacts of Pollution from Oceangoing Shipping: An Assessment of Low-Sulfur Fuel Mandates
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Winebrake, J.J.Rochester Inst. of Technology, Rochester, New York, USA
Corbett, J.J.Univ. of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA
Green, E.H.Univ. of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA
Lauer, A.Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
Eyring, V.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2009
Erschienen in:Environmental Science & Technology
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:43
DOI :10.1021/es803224q
Seitenbereich:Seiten 4776-4782
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:shipping, particulate matter, air quality, human health
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Verkehr
HGF - Programmthema:Verkehrssystem
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Verkehr
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):V - Umweltwirkungen des Verkehrs (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Dynamik der Atmosphäre
Hinterlegt von: PD Dr. habil. Veronika Eyring
Hinterlegt am:03 Dez 2009 15:45
Letzte Änderung:12 Dez 2013 20:46

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