Temporal and spatial evolution of the solar energetic particle event on 20 January 2005 and resulting radiation doses in aviation
Matthiä, Daniel and Heber, B. and Reitz, Günther and Meier, Matthias and Sihver, L. and Berger, Thomas and Herbst, K. (2009) Temporal and spatial evolution of the solar energetic particle event on 20 January 2005 and resulting radiation doses in aviation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (A08104). American Geophysical Union. DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014125.
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The solar energetic particle event on 20 January 2005 was one of the largest ground level events ever observed. Neutron monitor stations in the Antarctic recorded count rate increases of several thousand percent caused by secondary energetic particles, and it took more than 36 h to return to background level. Such huge increases in high energetic solar cosmic radiation on the ground are obviously accompanied by considerable changes in the radiation environment at aviation altitudes. Measurements of 28 neutron monitor stations were used in this work to numerically approximate the primary solar proton spectra during the first 12 h of the event by minimizing the differences between measurements and the results of Monte-Carlo calculated count rate increases. The primary spectrum of solar energetic protons was approximated by a power law in rigidity and a linear angular distribution. The incoming direction of the solar energetic particles was determined and compared to the interplanetary magnetic field direction during the event. The effects on the radiation exposure at altitudes of about 12 km during that time were estimated to range from none at low latitudes up to almost 2 mSv/h for a very short time in the Antarctic region and about 0.1 mSv/h at high latitudes on the Northern Hemisphere. After 12 h, dose rates were still increased by 50% at latitudes above 60° whereas no increases at all occurred at latitudes below 40° during the whole event.
|Title:||Temporal and spatial evolution of the solar energetic particle event on 20 January 2005 and resulting radiation doses in aviation|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Geophysical Research|
|In Open Access:||No|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Publisher:||American Geophysical Union|
|Series Name:||Space Physics|
|Keywords:||solar energetic particle event|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Space|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology|
|Deposited By:||Kerstin Kopp|
|Deposited On:||15 Dec 2009 09:37|
|Last Modified:||04 Apr 2013 16:17|
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