EXPOSE, an Astrobiological Exposure Facility on the International Space Station - from Proposal to Flight
Rabbow, Elke and Horneck, Gerda and Rettberg, Petra and Schott, Jobst-Ulrich and Panitz, Corinna and L’Afflitto, Andrea and von Heise-Rotenburg, Ralf and Willnecker, Reiner and Baglioni, Pietro and Hatton, Jason and Dettmann, Jan and Demets, René and Reitz, Günther (2009) EXPOSE, an Astrobiological Exposure Facility on the International Space Station - from Proposal to Flight. Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, 39 (6), pp. 581-598. Springer Netherlands. DOI: 10.1007/s11084-009-9173-6. ISSN 0169-6149 (Print) 1573-0875 (Online).
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Following an European Space Agency announcement of opportunity in 1996 for ”Externally mounted payloads for 1st utilization phase” on the International Space Station (ISS), scientists working in the fields of astrobiology proposed experiments aiming at longterm exposure of a variety of chemical compounds and extremely resistant microorganisms to the hostile space environment. The ESA exposure facility EXPOSE was built and an operations´ concept was prepared. The EXPOSE experiments were developed through an intensive pre-flight experiment verification test program. 12 years later, two sets of astrobiological experiments in two EXPOSE facilities have been successfully launched to the ISS for external exposure for up to 1.5 years. EXPOSE-E, now installed at the balcony of the European Columbus module, was launched in February 2008, while EXPOSE-R took off to the ISS in November 2008 and was installed on the external URM-D platform of the Russian Zvezda module in March 2009.
|Title:||EXPOSE, an Astrobiological Exposure Facility on the International Space Station - from Proposal to Flight|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere|
|In Open Access:||Yes|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Page Range:||pp. 581-598|
|ISSN:||0169-6149 (Print) 1573-0875 (Online)|
|Keywords:||Astrobiology, International space station, EXPOSE facility, Low earth orbit, Space environment|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Space|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology|
|Deposited By:||Kerstin Kopp|
|Deposited On:||01 Dec 2009 14:14|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2010 13:33|
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