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Eclipsing binary Trojan asteroid Patroclus: Thermal inertia from Spitzer observations

Mueller, M. and Marchis, F. and Emery, J.P. and Harris, A.W. and Mottola, S. and Hestroffer, D. and Berthier, J. and di Martino, M. (2010) Eclipsing binary Trojan asteroid Patroclus: Thermal inertia from Spitzer observations. Icarus, 205, pp. 505-515. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2009.07.043. ISSN 0019-1035.

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Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/icarus

Abstract

We present mid-infrared (8-33 microns) observations of the binary L 5-Trojan system (617) Patroclus-Menoetius before, during, and after two shadowing events, using the Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) on board the Spitzer Space Telescope. For the first time, we effectively observe changes in asteroid surface temperature in real time, allowing the thermal inertia to be determined very directly. A new detailed binary thermophysical model is presented which accounts for the system's known mutual orbit, arbitrary component shapes, and thermal conduction in the presence of eclipses. We obtain two local thermal-inertia values, representative of the respective shadowed areas: 21 +/- 14 J s-1/2 K-1 m-2 and 6.4+/- 1.6 J s-1/2 K-1 m-2. The average thermal inertia is estimated to be 20 +/- 15 J s-1/2 K-1 m-2, potentially with significant surface heterogeneity. This first thermal-inertia measurement for a Trojan asteroid indicates a surface covered in fine regolith. Independently, we establish the presence of fine-grained (<a few microns) silicates on the surface, based on emissivity features near 10 and 20 microns similar to those previously found on other Trojans. We also report V-band observations and report a lightcurve with complete rotational coverage. The lightcurve has a low amplitude of 0.070 +/- 0.005 mag peak-to-peak, implying a roughly spherical shape for both components, and is single-periodic with a period (103.02 +/- 0.40 h) equal to the period of the mutual orbit, indicating that the system is fully synchronized. The diameters of Patroclus and Menoetius are 106 +/- 11 and 98 +/- 10 km, respectively, in agreement with previous findings. Taken together with the system's known total mass, this implies a bulk mass density of 1.08 +/- 0.33 g cm-3, significantly below the mass density of L4-Trojan asteroid (624) Hektor and suggesting a bulk composition dominated by water ice. All known physical properties of Patroclus, arguably the best studied Trojan asteroid, are consistent with those expected in icy objects with devolatilized surfaces (extinct comets), consistent with what might be implied by recent dynamical modeling in the framework of the Nice Model.

Document Type:Article
Title:Eclipsing binary Trojan asteroid Patroclus: Thermal inertia from Spitzer observations
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Mueller, M.University of Arizona, Steward Observatory, 933 N Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Marchis, F.University of California at Berkeley, Department of Astronomy, 601 Campbell Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Emery, J.P.University of Tenessee, 306 EPS Building, 1412 Circle Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
Harris, A.W.UNSPECIFIED
Mottola, S.UNSPECIFIED
Hestroffer, D.Institut de Mécanique Céleste et de Calcul des Éphémérides, Observatoire de Paris, UMR8028 CNRS, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France
Berthier, J.Institut de Mécanique Céleste et de Calcul des Éphémérides, Observatoire de Paris, UMR8028 CNRS, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France
di Martino, M.INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, Pino Torinese, IT 10025 Torino, Italy
Date:2010
Journal or Publication Title:Icarus
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:205
DOI:10.1016/j.icarus.2009.07.043
Page Range:pp. 505-515
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0019-1035
Status:Published
Keywords:Asteroids: composition, surfaces, eclipses, infrared observations, Trojan asteroids
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Asteroiden und Kometen (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Asteroids and Comets
Deposited By: Prof. Alan Harris
Deposited On:13 Apr 2010 10:28
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 19:42

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