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Autonomous Vision-Based Helicopter Flights Through Obstacle Gates

Andert, Franz und Adolf, Florian-Michael und Goormann, Lukas und Dittrich, Jörg Steffen (2009) Autonomous Vision-Based Helicopter Flights Through Obstacle Gates. Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems. Springer Netherlands. DOI: 10.1007/s10846-009-9357-3. ISSN 0921-0296.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.springer.com/engineering/robotics/journal/10846

Kurzfassung

The challenge for unmanned aerial vehicles to sense and avoid obstacles becomes even harder if narrow passages have to be crossed. An approach to solve a mission scenario that tackles the problem of such narrow passages is presented here. The task is to fly an unmanned helicopter autonomously through a course with gates that are only slightly larger than the vehicle itself. A camera is installed on the vehicle to detect the gates. Using vehicle localization data from a navigation solution, camera alignment and global gate positions are estimated simultaneously. The presented algorithm calculates the desired target waypoints to fly through the gates. Furthermore, the paper presents a mission execution plan that instructs the vehicle to search for a gate, to fly through it after successful detection, and to search for a proceeding one. All algorithms are designed to run onboard the vehicle so that no interaction with the ground control station is necessary, making the vehicle completely autonomous. To develop and optimize algorithms, and to prove the correctness and accuracy of vision-based gate detection under real operational conditions, gate positions are searched in images taken from manual helicopter flights. Afterwards, the integration of visual sensing and mission control is proven. The paper presents results from full autonomous flight where the helicopter searches and flies through a gate without operator actions.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Autonomous Vision-Based Helicopter Flights Through Obstacle Gates
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Andert, Franzfranz.andert@dlr.de
Adolf, Florian-Michaelflorian.adolf@dlr.de
Goormann, Lukaslukas.goormann@dlr.de
Dittrich, Jörg Steffenjoerg.dittrich@dlr.de
Datum:21 August 2009
Erschienen in:Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
DOI :10.1007/s10846-009-9357-3
Verlag:Springer Netherlands
ISSN:0921-0296
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Unmanned aerial vehicle; Autonomous helicopter flight; Image processing; Target recognition; Sensor fusion; Obstacle avoidance
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L -- keine Zuordnung
Standort: Braunschweig
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Flugsystemtechnik > Unbemannte Luftfahrzeuge
Hinterlegt von: Dr.-Ing. Franz Andert
Hinterlegt am:21 Okt 2009 13:30
Letzte Änderung:07 Feb 2013 20:13

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