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On the implementation of the enhanced Fujita scale in the USA

Doswell III, Charles A. und Brooks, Harold E. und Dotzek, Nikolai (2009) On the implementation of the enhanced Fujita scale in the USA. Atmospheric Research, 93 (1-3), Seiten 554-563. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2008.11.003.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01698095

Kurzfassung

The history of tornado intensity rating in the United States of America (USA), pioneered by T. Fujita, is reviewed, showing that non-meteorological changes in the climatology of the tornado intensity ratings are likely, raising questions about the temporal (and spatial) consistency of the ratings. Although the Fujita scale (F-scale) originally was formulated as a peak wind speed scale for tornadoes, it necessarily has been implemented using damage to estimate the wind speed. Complexities of the damage-wind speed relationship are discussed. Recently, the Fujita scale has been replaced in the USA as the official system for rating tornado intensity by the so-called Enhanced Fujita scale (EF-scale). Several features of the new rating system are reviewed and discussed in the context of a proposed set of desirable features of a tornado intensity rating system. It is concluded that adoption of the EF-scale in the USA may have been premature, especially if it is to serve as a model for how to rate tornado intensity outside of the USA. This is in large part because its degree of damage measures used for estimating wind speeds are based on USAspecific construction practices. It is also concluded that the USA's tornado intensity rating system has been compromised by secular changes in how the F-scale has been applied, most recently by the adoption of the EF-scale. Several recommendations are offered as possible ways to help develop an improved rating system that will be applicable worldwide.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:On the implementation of the enhanced Fujita scale in the USA
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Doswell III, Charles A.OU-CIMMS
Brooks, Harold E.NOAA-NSSL
Dotzek, NikolaiNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2009
Erschienen in:Atmospheric Research
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:93
DOI :10.1016/j.atmosres.2008.11.003
Seitenbereich:Seiten 554-563
Verlag:Elsevier
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Fujita scale, USA, "Enhanced Fujita scale", tornado
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Dynamik der Atmosphäre
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Nikolai Dotzek
Hinterlegt am:27 Aug 2009 11:41
Letzte Änderung:12 Dez 2013 20:41

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