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Implications of large elastic thicknesses for the composition and current thermal state of Mars

Grott, Matthias und Breuer, Doris (2009) Implications of large elastic thicknesses for the composition and current thermal state of Mars. Icarus: International Journal of Solar System Studies, 201 (2), Seiten 540-548. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2009.01.020.

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Kurzfassung

The martian elastic lithosphere thickness T<sub>e</sub> has recently been constrained by modeling the geodynamical response to loading at the martian polar caps and T<sub>e</sub> was found to exceed 300 km at the north pole today. Geological evidence suggests that Mars has been volcanically active in the recent past and we have reinvestigated the martian thermal evolution, identifying models which are consistent with T<sub>e</sub>>300 km and the observed recent magmatic activity. We find that although models satisfying both constraints can be constructed, special assumptions regarding the concentration and distribution of radioactive elements, the style of mantle convection and/or the mantle's volatile content need to be made. If a dry mantle rheology is assumed, strong plumes caused by, e.g., a strongly pressure dependent mantle viscosity or endothermic phase transitions near the core–mantle boundary are required to allow for decompression melting in the heads of mantle plumes. For a wet mantle, large mantle water contents of the order of 1000 ppm are required to allow for partial mantle melting. Also, for a moderate crustal enrichment of heat producing, elements the planet's bulk composition needs to be 25 and 50% sub-chondritic for dry and wet mantle rheologies, respectively. Even then, models resulting in a globally averaged elastic thicknesses of T<sub>e</sub>>300 km are difficult to reconcile with most elastic thickness estimates available for the Hesperian and Amazonian periods. It therefore seems likely that large elastic thicknesses in excess of 300 km are not representative for the bulk of the planet and that T<sub>e</sub> possibly shows a large degree of spatial heterogeneity.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Implications of large elastic thicknesses for the composition and current thermal state of Mars
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Grott, Matthiasmatthias.grott@dlr.de
Breuer, Dorisdoris.breuer@dlr.de
Datum:2009
Erschienen in:Icarus: International Journal of Solar System Studies
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:201
DOI :10.1016/j.icarus.2009.01.020
Seitenbereich:Seiten 540-548
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Mars; Mars, interior; Thermal histories; Geophysics
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Vergleichende Planetologie (alt)
Standort: Berlin-Adlershof
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Planetenforschung > Planetenphysik
Institut für Planetenforschung
Hinterlegt von: Lena Noack
Hinterlegt am:26 Aug 2009 11:56
Letzte Änderung:26 Mär 2013 13:11

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