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Mission design and performance for systematic deformation measurements with a spaceborne SAR system

De Zan, Francesco and Prats, Pau and Krieger, Gerhard (2009) Mission design and performance for systematic deformation measurements with a spaceborne SAR system. In: IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), pp. 1-2. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 2009-07-13 - 2009-07-17, Cape Town, South Africa.

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Abstract

At DLR we are currently carrying out preliminary studies for an L-band SAR satellite mission called Tandem-L. This contribution illustrates some results obtained by integrating a performance analysis tool for d-InSAR applications into a mission simulator. The Tandem-L SAR mission will measure and monitor over time a variety of parameters ranging from surface deformation (d-InSAR) to forest height and structure (Multi-baseline pol-InSAR), ice flows, ocean currents etc. The current study is oriented towards the development of a systematic and extensive acquisition plan over the areas of interest for the different applications. Such an acquisition strategy is driven by the desire to give complete and consistent snapshots of a variety of dynamical processes taking place on Earth. Given the variety of applications, the mentioned desired acquisition policy and the wide regions of interest, it is clear that the mission design faces a number of challenges in the allocation of system resources such as data volume and acquisition opportunities. Besides this we have to consider geographical conflicts between the various applications (e.g. seismic areas covered by forests). In order to optimize the resource allocation we have developed for each application a performance model. We want to have predictions about the quality of intermediate and final products based on an acquisition scenario and instrument performance. For the d-InSAR applications we based our performance analysis for image stacks on the hybrid Cramér-Rao bound [1] (single line of sight) and using well know formulas for the optimum linear combination of measurements for the multi-dimensional case (3D and 2D vector displacements). These performance predictions are integrated into a mission simulator that can provide parameters for each available acquisition on a given point on the earth. Besides the acquisition dates the simulator outputs geometrical information such as look directions, incidence angles, baselines, resolution, plus NESZ and ambiguity level. All these parameters are inputs for the d-InSAR performance module. The advantage of using such a simulator is that conflicts between different requirements are taken into account and the impact on the performance can be the immediately quantified.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Mission design and performance for systematic deformation measurements with a spaceborne SAR system
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
De Zan, FrancescoUNSPECIFIED
Prats, PauUNSPECIFIED
Krieger, GerhardUNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2009
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Refereed publication:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 1-2
Editors:
EditorsEmail
IEEE, UNSPECIFIED
Status:Published
Keywords:Repeat-pass interferometry, performance analysis, Cramer-Rao lower bound, mission design
Event Title:IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Event Location:Cape Town, South Africa
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2009-07-13 - 2009-07-17
Organizer:IEEE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Prosmart, Smart-SAR (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute > Radar Concepts
Microwaves and Radar Institute
Deposited By: Francesco De Zan
Deposited On:30 Mar 2009
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:37

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