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First design investigations on a fully-electronic microwave imaging radiometer system.

Schreiber, Eric and Peichl, Markus and Süß, Helmut (2009) First design investigations on a fully-electronic microwave imaging radiometer system. In: GeMiC 2009, 1. VDE Verlag. German Microwace Conference, 2009-03-16, München. ISBN 3-80073-150-9.

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Abstract

Present applications of microwave remote sensing systems are spread out widely. One topic for using the frequency range1 - 300 GHz is the domain of security and reconnaissance. Examples are, the observation of sensitive areas or the performance of personal security checks in order to find hidden weapons or explosives, both being an important mean in our world of a growing international terrorism. The imaging capability of hidden objects is one of the main advantages of microwave remote sensing, because of the given penetration of electromagnetic waves through dielectric materials in this frequency domain. The physical effect used in passive microwave sensing relies on the thermal radiation of objects above a temperature of 0 K. The intensity of this radiation depends on the surface characteristics, the chemical and physical composition, and the temperature of the material. So it is possible to discriminate objects having different material characteristics like ceramic weapons or plastic explosives with respect to the human body. Considering the use of a people scanning system in airports, railway stations, or stadiums, it is important that passive microwave imaging devices have no exposure on the scanned object, like active devices do. Especially for highly frequent passed security gateways it is important to have a high through-put rate in order to minimize the queue time. Consequently fast imaging systems are necessary. In the following the conceptual idea of a fully-electronic microwave imaging radiometer system is introduced. The scanning mechanism for the two dimensions is divided into a frequency scan in one dimension and aperture synthesis in the other. The goal here is to design a low cost, fully electronic scanning system with a frame rate around one second at Ka band. This frequency domain is chosen as a well balanced compromise between the achievable spatial resolution and the penetration depth of the electromagnetic wave, which are conflictive requirements.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:First design investigations on a fully-electronic microwave imaging radiometer system.
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schreiber, EricUNSPECIFIED
Peichl, MarkusUNSPECIFIED
Süß, HelmutUNSPECIFIED
Date:16 March 2009
Journal or Publication Title:GeMiC 2009
Refereed publication:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:1
Publisher:VDE Verlag
ISBN:3-80073-150-9
Status:Published
Keywords:Radiometry, Imaging, Frequency-Scan, Slotted-Waveguide Antenna, Aperture Synthesis, Security
Event Title:German Microwace Conference
Event Location:München
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:2009-03-16
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt sicherheitsrelevante Erdbeobachtung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute > Reconnaissance and Security
Microwaves and Radar Institute
Deposited By: Eric Schreiber
Deposited On:29 Mar 2009
Last Modified:05 May 2011 10:37

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