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Combining Enhanced and Synthetic Vision for Autonomous All Weather Approach and Landing

Korn, Bernd and Schmerwirtz, Sven and Lorenz, Bernd and Döhler, Hans-Ullrich (2009) Combining Enhanced and Synthetic Vision for Autonomous All Weather Approach and Landing. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 19 (1), pp. 49-75. Taylor & Francis. ISSN 1050-8414.

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Abstract

This paper is about the design and evaluation of the HMI of an Enhanced and Synthetic Vision system. Several tunnel-in-the-sky and pathway-in-the-sky concepts including ‘scene-linking’ elements have been evaluated. Pathway-in-the-sky displays enable pilots to accurately fly difficult trajectories. However, these displays may drive pilots’ attention to the aircraft guidance task at the expense of other tasks particularly when the pathway display is located head-down. A pathway HUD may be a viable solution to overcome this disadvantage. Moreover, the pathway may mitigate the perceptual segregation between the static near domain and the dynamic far domain and hence, may improve attention switching between both sources. In order to more comprehensively overcome the perceptual near-to-far domain disconnect alphanumeric symbols could be attached to the pathway leading to a HUD design concept called ‘scene-linking’. A scene-linked pathway-predictor concept was implemented on a monocular retinal scanning HMD in combination with an optical head tracker. The evaluation comprises low fidelity part-task simulations, high fidelity simulators runs and flight trials. Where laboratory experiments found evidence in favor for scene-linked pathway head-up or head-mounted devices the real flight tests could not fully support this display concept. Even so, in all studies evidence has been found that the head-up pathway concept could be superior to present head-up solutions.

Document Type:Article
Title:Combining Enhanced and Synthetic Vision for Autonomous All Weather Approach and Landing
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Korn, BerndUNSPECIFIED
Schmerwirtz, SvenUNSPECIFIED
Lorenz, BerndUNSPECIFIED
Döhler, Hans-UllrichUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2009
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Aviation Psychology
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:19
Page Range:pp. 49-75
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Jensen, Richard S.UNSPECIFIED
Prinzel III, Lawrence J.UNSPECIFIED
Wickens, Christopher D.UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1050-8414
Status:Published
Keywords:EVS, HMI, SVS, Tunnel-in-the-sky, path-way-in-the-sky, Scene linking
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Dr.-Ing. Bernd Korn
Deposited On:30 Nov 2009 11:32
Last Modified:23 Aug 2013 03:02

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