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Automatisierte Klassifikation von Landnutzung durch Objekterkennung am Beispiel von CORINE Land Cover

Wehrmann, Thilo (2007) Automatisierte Klassifikation von Landnutzung durch Objekterkennung am Beispiel von CORINE Land Cover. Dissertation, Universität Würzburg.

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Official URL: http://www.opus-bayern.de/uni-wuerzburg/volltexte/2007/2526/

Abstract

Land cover and land use classifications provide significant information for politics, economy and science. CORINE Land Cover (CLC) represents a harmonised Pan-European land cover dataset utilised by many European and national institutions. The mapping product comprising 44 classes of land cover and land use, is well documented. At the same time it is periodically updated in intervals of 10 years. Mainly due to the complexity of the CORINE nomenclature, generating and updating of this product has ever since been solely based on computer–aided manual image interpretation. To this date, manual interpretation being the backbone of CORINE actualisation has not been replaced by computer aided approaches. As a consequence, this study aims at developing a semi-automated methodology to derive CORINE Land Cover from optical remotely sensed data. The methodology presented, is based upon the former CLC 1990 classification and the Landsat ETM+ based Image 2000 while reference and validation is realised utilising the CLC 2000 data set. Implementation of the presented approach is realised by the software package gnosis combining object oriented classification paradigms with theories related to human image perception. Human image perception itself is known to be a process of information engineering including three sub-processes as follows: image segmentation, feature generation, and class assignment. With regard to image segmentation, meaningful image segments are generated based upon the most simple image primitives, the pixels. Resulting image segments consist of a wide range of invariant image features describing actual CLC classes. However, precise knowledge about land cover is the uttermost important information for any further processing steps presented in this work. Therefore, ten baseline land cover classes are extracted from multi spectral image 2000 data sets using a novel supervised classification approach of support vector machines. In order to estimate the anthropogenic impact affecting some CORINE classes, the phenological characteristics are analysed and processed. Thus temporal parameters like temporal variability and temporal intensity are used for the delineation of pastures and arable land. Conjointly with these vegetation features, neighbourhood analysis is used to derive functionality or heterogeneity of complex classes. At last, additional error reduction and further specification is addressed by the extraction of fuzzy features. Based on these features sets, CLC classes are represented abstractly stored within a class catalogue i.e. an a-priori knowledge base. Class assignment itself is based on the representation of CORINE objects by its integral parts. In the following this sub-process, representing the final step of image perception, is used to compare the extracted structures with the prototypical classes of the knowledge base. On one hand homogeneous classes, consisting of a single land cover type of baseline classes like forests and pastures, are identified with a bottom–up approach. This is based on the assumption that any superior CLC object is composed of and therefore directly linked to its components and consecutively assigned to a specific CLC class. On the other hand heterogeneous classes, consisting of multiple cover types like complex cultivation patterns, can be validated by comparing its components to the knowledge base, i.e. a top–down approach. However, the a-priori geometry provided by a former classification is essential for this type of object recognition. The analysis of test sites located in the vicinities of Frankfurt, Berlin, and Oldenburg indicates that 13 CLC classes can be identified automatically while a second set of 14 CLC classes can be validated. On the contrary, ten classes can not be acquired by the presented approach due to the lack of required features or missing ancillary information. Thus the overall accuracy of the automated classification of the test sites ranges between 70% and 80 %. In addition it increases to more than 90% as observation is limited to classes with intrinsic prototypical description and distinct features like settlement, forest, and water. As a result of this thesis the software package gnosis will provide a fundamental service and support for the forthcoming CORINE update. By means of the software, 13 identifiable classes can be processed automatically based on the bottom–up approach. In regards to the set of 14 CLC classes derived from the top–down approach, distinct class definition will rely on the trained interpreters selecting from a given set of potential classes. This decision making process can also be facilitated by existing feature sets describing temporal characteristics and impervious cover fraction. As a consequence both automated and semi-automated processes presented in this thesis can be considered a good advancement of the existing compilation and updating procedures of the CORINE land cover project.

Document Type:Thesis (Dissertation)
Title:Automatisierte Klassifikation von Landnutzung durch Objekterkennung am Beispiel von CORINE Land Cover
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Wehrmann, ThiloUNSPECIFIED
Date:10 December 2007
Refereed publication:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:179
Status:Unpublished
Keywords:Remote Sensing , Object oriented classification , automated classification
Institution:Universität Würzburg
Department:Institut für Geographie
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Environment and Security
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Thilo Wehrmann
Deposited On:16 Jan 2009
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 15:43

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