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Simulating Martian regolith in the laboratory

Seiferlin, K. and Ehrenfreund, P. and Garry, J. and Gunderson, K. and Hütter, E. and Kargl, G. and Maturilli, A. and Merrison, J.P. (2008) Simulating Martian regolith in the laboratory. Planetary and Space Science, 56 (15), pp. 2009-2025. Elsevier Ltd. DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2008.09.017.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Regolith and dust cover the surfaces of the Solar Systems solid bodies, and thus constitute the visible surface of these objects. The topmost layers also interact with space or the atmosphere in the case of Mars, Venus and Titan. Surface probes have been proposed, studied and flown to some of these worlds. Landers and some of the mechanisms they carry, e.g. sampling devices, drills and subsurface probes ("moles") will interact with the porous surface layer. The absence of true extraterrestrial test materials in ample quantities restricts experiments to the use of soil or regolith analogue materials. Several standardized soil simulants have been developed and produced and are commonly used for a variety of laboratory experiments. In this paper we intend to give an overview of some of the most important soil simulants, and describe experiments (penetrometry, thermal conductivity, aeolian transport, goniometry, spectroscopy and exobiology) made in various European laboratory facilities.

Document Type:Article
Title:Simulating Martian regolith in the laboratory
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Seiferlin, K.Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bern, Switzerland
Ehrenfreund, P.Astrobiology Laboratory, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden, The Netherlands
Garry, J.Astrobiology Laboratory, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden, The Netherlands
Gunderson, K.Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bern, Switzerland
Hütter, E.Institut für Weltraumforschung, Graz, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Austria
Kargl, G.Institut für Weltraumforschung, Graz, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Austria
Maturilli, A.UNSPECIFIED
Merrison, J.P.Aarhus Mars Simulation Laboratory, Aarhus University, Denmark
Date:December 2008
Journal or Publication Title:Planetary and Space Science
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:56
DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2008.09.017
Page Range:pp. 2009-2025
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd
Status:Published
Keywords:spectra, surface, Mars, Venus, Titan, laboratory experiments
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Vergleichende Planetologie (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Deposited By: Stefanie Hempel
Deposited On:15 Dec 2008
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 15:35

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