Simulating Martian regolith in the laboratory
Seiferlin, K. and Ehrenfreund, P. and Garry, J. and Gunderson, K. and Hütter, E. and Kargl, G. and Maturilli, A. and Merrison, J.P. (2008) Simulating Martian regolith in the laboratory. Planetary and Space Science, 56 (15), pp. 2009-2025. Elsevier Ltd. DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2008.09.017.
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Regolith and dust cover the surfaces of the Solar Systems solid bodies, and thus constitute the visible surface of these objects. The topmost layers also interact with space or the atmosphere in the case of Mars, Venus and Titan. Surface probes have been proposed, studied and flown to some of these worlds. Landers and some of the mechanisms they carry, e.g. sampling devices, drills and subsurface probes ("moles") will interact with the porous surface layer. The absence of true extraterrestrial test materials in ample quantities restricts experiments to the use of soil or regolith analogue materials. Several standardized soil simulants have been developed and produced and are commonly used for a variety of laboratory experiments. In this paper we intend to give an overview of some of the most important soil simulants, and describe experiments (penetrometry, thermal conductivity, aeolian transport, goniometry, spectroscopy and exobiology) made in various European laboratory facilities.
|Title:||Simulating Martian regolith in the laboratory|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Planetary and Space Science|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Page Range:||pp. 2009-2025|
|Keywords:||spectra, surface, Mars, Venus, Titan, laboratory experiments|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Space|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||W - Vorhaben Vergleichende Planetologie (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics|
|Deposited By:||Stefanie Hempel|
|Deposited On:||15 Dec 2008|
|Last Modified:||27 Apr 2009 15:35|
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