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Uptake of nitric acid in cirrus clouds and contrails

Schäuble, Dominik and Voigt, Christiane and Schlager, Hans and Stock, Paul and Krämer, Martina and Schiller, Cornelius and de Reus, Marian and Borrmann, Stephan and Curtius, Joachim (2008) Uptake of nitric acid in cirrus clouds and contrails. In: Geophysical Research Abstracts. EGU General Assembly 2008, 2008-04-13 - 2008-04-18, Wien, (A).

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Abstract

The uptake of nitric acid (HNO<sub>3</sub>) in cirrus clouds and contrails in the upper troposphere leads to a reduction of the gas phase NO<sub>x</sub> (=NO+NO<sub>2</sub>) concentration, resulting in a perturbation of the ozone budget within this region. During the CIRRUS-III campaign over Northern Germany in November 2006 aircraft-based measurements of gas- and condensed-phase reactive nitrogen species (NO<sub>y</sub>), water vapour, total water, and ice particle size distribution were performed to investigate the uptake of HNO<sub>3</sub> in midlatitude cirrus clouds at altitudes between 8 and 12km. Contrails and cirrus clouds were frequently encountered in the course of this campaign. Contrails were identified by the detection of ice crystals in combination with enhanced gas phase NO<sub>y</sub> and condensation nuclei concentrations resulting from the aircraft exhaust. This method allows to unambiguously identify contrails and to separate contrails and natural cirrus clouds. The HNO<sub>3</sub>/H<sub>2</sub>O molar ratio in ice crystals and the particulate fraction of the total nitric acid (HNO<sub>3,part</sub>/HNO<sub>3,tot</sub>) were evaluated to quantify the uptake of nitric acid in ice clouds. We show the dependence of these two parameters on temperature, partial pressure of HNO<sub>3</sub>, and ice water content in the temperature range of 210 to 231K and at nitric acid partial pressures between about 1x10<sup>-8</sup> and 1.2x10<sup>-7</sup>hPa. Further, we compare our data to previous observations in midlatitude clouds. Finally, differences in the chemical composition and trace gas uptake in natural and aviation-induced ice clouds are discussed.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Uptake of nitric acid in cirrus clouds and contrails
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schäuble, DominikUniv. Mainz
Voigt, ChristianeUniv. Mainz
Schlager, HansUNSPECIFIED
Stock, PaulUNSPECIFIED
Krämer, MartinaFZ Jülich
Schiller, CorneliusFZ Jülich
de Reus, MarianUniv. Mainz
Borrmann, StephanUniv. Mainz
Curtius, JoachimUniv. Frankfurt am Main
Date:April 2008
Journal or Publication Title:Geophysical Research Abstracts
Status:Published
Keywords:Nitric acid, uptake, ice crystals, cirrus clouds, contrails
Event Title:EGU General Assembly 2008
Event Location:Wien, (A)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2008-04-13 - 2008-04-18
Organizer:European Geosciences Union
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Low-Emission Air Traffic (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Dominik Schäuble
Deposited On:02 Dec 2008
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 15:32

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