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Analysis of upper troposphere trace gases and aerosols measurements over West Africa during summer 2006

Orlandi, Emiliano and Real, Elsa and Fierli, Federico and Law, Kathy and Borrmann, Stephan and Cairo, Francesco and Schlager, Hans and Volk, Michael and Minikin, Andreas (2008) Analysis of upper troposphere trace gases and aerosols measurements over West Africa during summer 2006. European Geosciences Union, General Assembly 2008, 2008-04-13 - 2008-04-18, Vienna, (A).

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Abstract

During the AMMA2006 campaign, aircraft measurements often revealed the presence of polluted air masses with the chemical characteristics of biomass burning plumes in the free troposphere and in the upper troposphere over the Gulf of Guinea. The analyses carried out within the AMMA project suggest that the main emission region is central Africa during the south hemisphere dry season. This study shows the importance of convective uplift by large mesoscale convective systems for the transport of southern biomass burning emissions into the upper troposphere over West Africa. Such a mechanism allows rapid transport of pollutants up to 14 km where they are transported westward by the tropical easterly jet. The latitudinal distribution of the biomass burning plume and its content in CO, CO2 and O3 is determined with observations onboard three aircrafts (D-F20, BAE-146, M55-Geophysica) for a case study during the Monsoon season in 2006 and increased concentrations are found south of 8°N below 600 hPa and around of 5°N at 200 hPa. An analysis of the origin of the air masses sampled during the AMMA campaign and the transport pathways was carried out using the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART and the mesoscale meteorological model BOLAM. The mesoscale model was nudged with cloud top brightness temperatures derived from Meteosat measurements in order to accurately reproduce the position and the life cycle of convective systems over central and western Africa.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Analysis of upper troposphere trace gases and aerosols measurements over West Africa during summer 2006
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Orlandi, EmilianoCNR, Bologna, I
Real, ElsaUniv. Pierre et Marie Curie/CNRS, Paris, F
Fierli, FedericoCNR, Bologna, I
Law, KathyUniv. Pierre et Marie Curie/CNRS, Paris, F
Borrmann, StephanJohannes Gutenberg Univ., Mainz
Cairo, FrancescoCNR, Rome, I
Schlager, HansUNSPECIFIED
Volk, MichaelUniv. Frankfurt
Minikin, AndreasUNSPECIFIED
Date:2008
Keywords:AMMA, upper troposphere
Event Title:European Geosciences Union, General Assembly 2008
Event Location:Vienna, (A)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2008-04-13 - 2008-04-18
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Andreas Minikin
Deposited On:02 Dec 2008
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 15:32

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