elib
DLR-Header
DLR-Logo -> http://www.dlr.de
DLR Portal Home | Impressum | Kontakt | English
Schriftgröße: [-] Text [+]

Analysis of upper troposphere trace gases and aerosols measurements over West Africa during summer 2006

Orlandi, Emiliano und Real, Elsa und Fierli, Federico und Law, Kathy und Borrmann, Stephan und Cairo, Francesco und Schlager, Hans und Volk, Michael und Minikin, Andreas (2008) Analysis of upper troposphere trace gases and aerosols measurements over West Africa during summer 2006. European Geosciences Union, General Assembly 2008, 2008-04-13 - 2008-04-18, Vienna, (A).

Dieses Archiv kann nicht den gesamten Text zur Verfügung stellen.

Kurzfassung

During the AMMA2006 campaign, aircraft measurements often revealed the presence of polluted air masses with the chemical characteristics of biomass burning plumes in the free troposphere and in the upper troposphere over the Gulf of Guinea. The analyses carried out within the AMMA project suggest that the main emission region is central Africa during the south hemisphere dry season. This study shows the importance of convective uplift by large mesoscale convective systems for the transport of southern biomass burning emissions into the upper troposphere over West Africa. Such a mechanism allows rapid transport of pollutants up to 14 km where they are transported westward by the tropical easterly jet. The latitudinal distribution of the biomass burning plume and its content in CO, CO2 and O3 is determined with observations onboard three aircrafts (D-F20, BAE-146, M55-Geophysica) for a case study during the Monsoon season in 2006 and increased concentrations are found south of 8°N below 600 hPa and around of 5°N at 200 hPa. An analysis of the origin of the air masses sampled during the AMMA campaign and the transport pathways was carried out using the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART and the mesoscale meteorological model BOLAM. The mesoscale model was nudged with cloud top brightness temperatures derived from Meteosat measurements in order to accurately reproduce the position and the life cycle of convective systems over central and western Africa.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Vortrag)
Titel:Analysis of upper troposphere trace gases and aerosols measurements over West Africa during summer 2006
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Orlandi, EmilianoCNR, Bologna, I
Real, ElsaUniv. Pierre et Marie Curie/CNRS, Paris, F
Fierli, FedericoCNR, Bologna, I
Law, KathyUniv. Pierre et Marie Curie/CNRS, Paris, F
Borrmann, StephanJohannes Gutenberg Univ., Mainz
Cairo, FrancescoCNR, Rome, I
Schlager, HansNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Volk, MichaelUniv. Frankfurt
Minikin, AndreasNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2008
Stichwörter:AMMA, upper troposphere
Veranstaltungstitel:European Geosciences Union, General Assembly 2008
Veranstaltungsort:Vienna, (A)
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:2008-04-13 - 2008-04-18
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Andreas Minikin
Hinterlegt am:02 Dez 2008
Letzte Änderung:27 Apr 2009 15:32

Nur für Mitarbeiter des Archivs: Kontrollseite des Eintrags

Blättern
Suchen
Hilfe & Kontakt
Informationen
electronic library verwendet EPrints 3.3.12
Copyright © 2008-2013 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR). Alle Rechte vorbehalten.