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Tracking and Nowcasting of Convective Cells Using Remote Sensing Data from Radar and Satellite

Kober, Kirstin and Tafferner, Arnold (2009) Tracking and Nowcasting of Convective Cells Using Remote Sensing Data from Radar and Satellite. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 1, pp. 75-84. DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2009/359.

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The existing algorithm Cb-TRAM was developed to identify, track, and nowcast thunderstorm clouds in different development stages (ZINNER et al., 2008). The tracking of deteced clouds is based on the so-called ”pyramidal image matcher”. Applying this tracking algorithm also to radar data resulted in the development of the redar tracker Rad-TRAM. Rad-TRAM is introduced here and used in parallel with Cb-TRAM for three cases of thunderstorm occurrence in Central Europe. The purpose of the study is threefold. Firstly, to test the ability of both trackers to track these features. Secondly, to compare position and tracks of cloud and radar cells by overlaying cell strcutures of both sytems thereby enabling both a visual and a statistical analysis. Thirdly, to test the nowcasting performance of both trackers against extrapolations in time based on Lagrangian persistence. It is found that both trackers are able to detect and track the thunderstorms. For all observation times a percentage of about 70 % of the satellite detected clouds in development stage ”mature” overlap with radar cells when applying a minimum overlap criterion, i.e. one pixel of both cell types. Furthermore, it is found that Cb-TRAM as well as Rad-TRAM nowcasts for 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes outperform extrapolations based on persistence. The results are discussed taking into account the different data bases used and specific thresholds in both algorithms.

Document Type:Article
Title:Tracking and Nowcasting of Convective Cells Using Remote Sensing Data from Radar and Satellite
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Tafferner, ArnoldUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Meteorologische Zeitschrift
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 75-84
Keywords:Cloud tracker, Radar tracker, nowcasting
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Traffic and Weather (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Cloud Physics and Traffic Meteorology
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Arnold Tafferner
Deposited On:26 Nov 2008
Last Modified:26 Sep 2014 03:02

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