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Tracking and Nowcasting of Convective Cells Using Remote Sensing Data from Radar and Satellite

Kober, Kirstin und Tafferner, Arnold (2009) Tracking and Nowcasting of Convective Cells Using Remote Sensing Data from Radar and Satellite. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 1, Seiten 75-84. DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2009/359.

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The existing algorithm Cb-TRAM was developed to identify, track, and nowcast thunderstorm clouds in different development stages (ZINNER et al., 2008). The tracking of deteced clouds is based on the so-called ”pyramidal image matcher”. Applying this tracking algorithm also to radar data resulted in the development of the redar tracker Rad-TRAM. Rad-TRAM is introduced here and used in parallel with Cb-TRAM for three cases of thunderstorm occurrence in Central Europe. The purpose of the study is threefold. Firstly, to test the ability of both trackers to track these features. Secondly, to compare position and tracks of cloud and radar cells by overlaying cell strcutures of both sytems thereby enabling both a visual and a statistical analysis. Thirdly, to test the nowcasting performance of both trackers against extrapolations in time based on Lagrangian persistence. It is found that both trackers are able to detect and track the thunderstorms. For all observation times a percentage of about 70 % of the satellite detected clouds in development stage ”mature” overlap with radar cells when applying a minimum overlap criterion, i.e. one pixel of both cell types. Furthermore, it is found that Cb-TRAM as well as Rad-TRAM nowcasts for 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes outperform extrapolations based on persistence. The results are discussed taking into account the different data bases used and specific thresholds in both algorithms.

Titel:Tracking and Nowcasting of Convective Cells Using Remote Sensing Data from Radar and Satellite
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Erschienen in:Meteorologische Zeitschrift
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
DOI :10.1127/0941-2948/2009/359
Seitenbereich:Seiten 75-84
Stichwörter:Cloud tracker, Radar tracker, nowcasting
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L - Luftverkehr und Wetter (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Wolkenphysik und Verkehrsmeteorologie
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Arnold Tafferner
Hinterlegt am:26 Nov 2008
Letzte Änderung:26 Sep 2014 03:02

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