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Submicrometer aerosol particle distributions in the upper troposphere over the mid-latitude North Atlantic - results from the third route of 'CARIBIC'

Hermann, M. and Brenningmeijer, C.A.M. and Slemr, F. and Heintzenberg, J. and Martinsson, B.G. and Schlager, H. and Velthoven van, P.F.J. and Wiedensohler, A. and Zahn, A. and Ziereis, H. (2008) Submicrometer aerosol particle distributions in the upper troposphere over the mid-latitude North Atlantic - results from the third route of 'CARIBIC'. Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 60, pp. 106-117. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00323.x.

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118533053/home

Abstract

Particle number and mass concentrations of submicrometer aerosol particles were determined for the upper troposphere over the mid-latitude North Atlantic within the Civil Aircraft for Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container project (CARIBIC, http://www.caribic-atmospheric.com). Between May 2001 and April 2002, 22 flights from Germany to the Caribbean were conducted using an automated measurement container on a B767 passenger aircraft. Spatial and seasonal probability distributions for ultrafine and Aitken mode particles as well as mass concentrations of particulate sulphur in 8–12 km altitude are presented. High particle number concentrations (mostly 2500–15 000 particles cm<sup>-3</sup> STP) are particularly found in summer over the western North Atlantic Ocean close to the North American continent. The distributions together with an analysis of particle source processes show that deep vertical transport is the dominant process leading to most of the events with high particle number concentrations (>8000 particles cm<sup>-3</sup> STP) for ultrafine particles as well as for Aitken mode particles. This study emphasizes the importance of deep vertical transport and cloud processing for the concentration of aerosol particles in the upper troposphere.

Document Type:Article
Title:Submicrometer aerosol particle distributions in the upper troposphere over the mid-latitude North Atlantic - results from the third route of 'CARIBIC'
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Hermann, M.Leibniz Inst. for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig
Brenningmeijer, C.A.M.MPI for Chemistry, Mainz
Slemr, F.MPI for Chemistry, Mainz
Heintzenberg, J.Leibniz Inst. for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig
Martinsson, B.G.Lund Univ., Lund, S
Schlager, H.UNSPECIFIED
Velthoven van, P.F.J.Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, de Bilt, NL
Wiedensohler, A.Leibniz Inst. for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig
Zahn, A.Univ. Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe
Ziereis, H.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2008
Journal or Publication Title:Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Volume:60
DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00323.x
Page Range:pp. 106-117
Status:Published
Keywords:Atmospheric aerosol, upper troposphere, North Atlantic, CARIBIC
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Low-Emission Air Traffic (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Helga Jesse
Deposited On:18 Nov 2008
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:34

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