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Frequency tunability and mode switching of quantum cascade lasers operating at 2.5 THz

Pavlov, Sergey und Hübers, Heinz-Wilhelm und Richter, Heiko und Semenov, Alexey und Tredicucci, Alessandro und Green, Richard und Mahler, Lukas und Beere, Harvey und Ritchie, David (2008) Frequency tunability and mode switching of quantum cascade lasers operating at 2.5 THz. In: The 19th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology, Seite 138. ISSTT 2008 (19. Annual Symposium), [2008-04-28 - 2008-04-30], Groningen (the Netherlands).

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Offizielle URL: http://www.sron.nl/isstt2008

Kurzfassung

Quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) are promising devices for local oscillators in terahertz heterodyne receivers. The lasing mechanism is based on intersubband transitions in the conduction band of heterostructures, most commonly made from GaAs/AlGaAs. A key issue for application in a heterodyne receiver is the frequency stability and tunability. Linear continuous frequency tuning is not straightforwardly obtained. We have investigated two QCLs. They are designed for an operation frequency at about 2.5 THz. One of the lasers has a Fabry-Perot resonator while the other laser is a distributed feedback (DFB) laser. The active medium of both lasers is based on a GaAs/AlGaAs superlattice. The design follows the so-called bound-to-continuum approach with a rather uniformly chirped superlattice and no marked distinction between the injection and lasing regions. Detailed high-resolution spectra of the laser emission as a function of temperature and current have been obtained by self-beating of the laser modes (only laser with Fabry-Perot resonator) as well as by mixing with the emission of a THz gas laser. We report on some spectral features, such as nonlinear dependences of the laser emission frequency on the current and singularities due to mode switching. The analysis shows frequency- and current-dependent nonlinearities of the frequency tuning for both lasers. The multi-mode QCL shows larger variations of the output power of a particular mode as well as larger frequency instabilities at the current values related to the mode switching. Less-expressed power variations have been found for the single mode DFB QCL. The results of the homodyne mixing indicate large variations of the effective refractive index in the active medium caused by the drive current. The implications for the use of the QCL as local oscillator in a heterodyne receiver will be discussed.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Poster)
Titel:Frequency tunability and mode switching of quantum cascade lasers operating at 2.5 THz
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Pavlov, SergeyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Hübers, Heinz-WilhelmNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Richter, HeikoNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Semenov, AlexeyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Tredicucci, AlessandroNEST CNR-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy
Green, RichardNEST CNR-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy
Mahler, LukasNEST CNR-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy
Beere, HarveyCavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Ritchie, DavidCavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Datum:April 2008
Erschienen in:The 19th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology
Referierte Publikation:Nein
In SCOPUS:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Seitenbereich:Seite 138
Herausgeber:
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
Wild, WolfgangNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:heterodyne spectrometer, local oscillator, quantum cascade laser
Veranstaltungstitel:ISSTT 2008 (19. Annual Symposium)
Veranstaltungsort:Groningen (the Netherlands)
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:[2008-04-28 - 2008-04-30]
Veranstalter :Netherlands Institute for Space Research (SRON)
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Projekt SOFIA (alt)
Standort: Berlin-Adlershof
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Planetenforschung > Terahertz- und Infrarotsensorik
Hinterlegt von: Dr. Sergey Pavlov
Hinterlegt am:25 Nov 2008
Letzte Änderung:27 Apr 2009 15:25

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