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Principal Component Analysis and Target Transformation end-member recovery : application to last PFS MEX data

D’Amore, M. and Palomba, E. and Zinzi, A. and Maturilli, A. and Helbert, J. (2008) Principal Component Analysis and Target Transformation end-member recovery : application to last PFS MEX data. In: EPSC Abstracts, 3, p. 525. 3rd European Planetary Science Congress, 2008-09-21 - 2008-09-26, Münster, Westfalen (Germany).

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Abstract

<p>The Martian surface is mainly composed by an altered particulate mineral regolith, ranging from micrometric to bulk rocks sizes. A central goal in planetary science is determination of soils composition, in order to reconstruct the planets’ evolutionary story at local and global scale.</p><p> This goal is nowadays carried out by the support of remote sensing data analysis, coming from spacecraft carrying instruments suite able to collect radiation coming from the planet in a wide spectral range. A very useful spectral range to investigate soils mineral composition and atmospherics components dynamics is the thermal infrared (broadly between 1-50 μm) because primary spectral signatures of targets’ components fall in this spectral range (i.e. stretching and roto-vibrational band of Si-O, O-H-O, C-O).</p><p> The Planetary Fourier Spectrometer (PFS), onboard ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, collects radiation in the 1-45 μm range. High spectral resolution observations cover almost the whole Martian surface with a very large temporal basis (about 2 Martian years). The current PFS dataset is composed of over 500.000 spectral observations, enough for application of statistical analysis methods, so this study is carried out by mean of the Factor Analysis (FA) technique [1] that is demonstrated to be able to extract independently variable components and to recover the spectral end-member present in a spectral dataset.</p><p> These data offer the chance to study minor mineral components of atmospheric particulate as well of the surface [2]. Surface analysis form remote planetary data needs the correction for atmospheric signature [2], including all the components that contribute to observed radiaton, as carbon dioxide and water vapour or atmospheric particulates (dust water ice).</p><p> Planetary apparent emissivity spectra can be accurately modelled [1] by linear combination of atmospherics spectral shapes, when observation are taken in a region of low to moderate atmospheric opacity and with no distinctive surface features (high albedo regions). When this model does not accurately fit for the data, it usually needs an additional set of component to accurately reproduce the observation. This set is a suite (library) of pure mineral, intended to model the surface spectrum.</p><p> Then, once the contribution of the atmospheric components is fixed, it is possible to extract the contribution due only to the soils from the observed radiation. To accomplish this procedure the exact shape of atmospherics components is needed. They are obtained by mean of FA technique from the PSF data, selected on a wide range of observational scenarios with varying atmospheric dust and water ice clouds opacities. The independently variable components in the dataset are extracted (Fig. 1), obtaining the spectral shape of those components and allowing the occasional monitoring of local and seasonal aerosol composition, morphology and temporal evolution.</p><p> Our results show that derived atmospheric components are in agreement with previous TES results, showing a high degree of temporal uniformity in the mineral suspended haze (or at least of only one component of the dust), and allow to monitor the annual variation of the these atmospheric components, that is in again in good agreement with previous works [3].</p> [1] Bandfield, J.L., Christensen, P.R., Smith, M.D. (2000) JGR, 105, 9573–9588.<br /> [2] Smith, M.D., Bandfield, J.L., Christensen, P.R. (2000) JGR, 105, 9589–9607.<br /> [3] Smith, M.D. (2004) Icarus ,167,148–165<br />

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Principal Component Analysis and Target Transformation end-member recovery : application to last PFS MEX data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
D’Amore, M.Institute for Interplanetary Space Physics (IFSI), Rome, Italy
Palomba, E.Institute for Interplanetary Space Physics (IFSI), Rome, Italy
Zinzi, A.Institute for Interplanetary Space Physics (IFSI), Rome, Italy
Maturilli, A.UNSPECIFIED
Helbert, J.UNSPECIFIED
Date:22 September 2008
Journal or Publication Title:EPSC Abstracts
Refereed publication:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:3
Page Range:p. 525
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars, Mars Express, Planetary Fourier Spectrometer, PFS, soil composition, mineral composition, atmosphere, albedo, TES
Event Title:3rd European Planetary Science Congress
Event Location:Münster, Westfalen (Germany)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2008-09-21 - 2008-09-26
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt MARS-EXPRESS / HRSC (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Deposited By: Stefanie Hempel
Deposited On:17 Oct 2008
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 15:15

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