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Radiation dosimetry onboard the International Space Station ISS

Berger, Thomas (2008) Radiation dosimetry onboard the International Space Station ISS. Z. Med. Phys., 18, Seiten 265-275. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.zemedi.2008.06.014.

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Kurzfassung

Besides the effects of the microgravity environment, and the psychological and psychosocial problems encountered in confined spaces, radiation is the main health detriment for long duration human space missions. The radiation environment encountered in space differs in nature from that on earth, consisting mostly of high energetic ions from protons up to iron, resulting in radiation levels far exceeding the ones encountered on earth for occupational radiation workers. Therefore the determination and the control of the radiation load on astronauts is a moral obligation of the space faring nations. The requirements for radiation detectors in space are very different to that on earth. Limitations in mass, power consumption and the complex nature of the space radiation environment define and limit the overall construction of radiation detectors. Radiation dosimetry onboard the International Space Station (ISS) is accomplished to one part as ‘‘operational’’ dosimetry aiming for area monitoring of the radiation environment as well as astronaut surveillance. Another part focuses on ‘‘scientific’’ dosimetry aiming for a better understanding of the radiation environment and its constitutes. Various research activities for a more detailed quantification of the radiation environment as well as its distribution in and outside the space station have been accomplished in the last years onboard the ISS. The paper will focus on the current radiation detectors onboard the ISS, their results, as well as on future planned activities.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Radiation dosimetry onboard the International Space Station ISS
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Berger, ThomasNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2008
Erschienen in:Z. Med. Phys.
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Band:18
DOI :10.1016/j.zemedi.2008.06.014
Seitenbereich:Seiten 265-275
Verlag:Elsevier
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:radiation dosimetry, radiation measurement, radiation detectors, international space station, cosmic radiation
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (alt)
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin > Strahlenbiologie
Hinterlegt von: Kerstin Kopp
Hinterlegt am:15 Dez 2008
Letzte Änderung:27 Apr 2009 15:11

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