elib
DLR-Header
DLR-Logo -> http://www.dlr.de
DLR Portal Home | Imprint | Contact | Deutsch
Fontsize: [-] Text [+]

The Urey Instrument: An Advanced In Situ Organic and Oxidant Detector for Mars Exploration

Aubrey, Andrew D. and Chalmers, John H. and Bada, Jeffrey L. and Grunthaner, Frank J. and Amashukeli, Xenia and Willis, Peter and Skelley, Alison M. and Mathies, Richard A. and Quinn, Richard C. and Zent, Aaron P. and Ehrenfreund, Pascale and Amundson, Ron and Glavin, Daniel P. and Botta, Oliver and Barron, Laurence and Blaney, Diana L. and Clark, Benton C. and Coleman, Max and Hofmann, Beda A. and Josset, Jean-Luc and Rettberg, Petra and Ride, Sally and Robert, François and Sephton, Mark A. and Yen, Albert (2008) The Urey Instrument: An Advanced In Situ Organic and Oxidant Detector for Mars Exploration. Astrobiology, 8 (3), pp. 583-595. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.. DOI: 10.1089/ast.2007.0169.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

The Urey organic and oxidant detector consists of a suite of instruments designed to search for several classes of organic molecules in the martian regolith and ascertain whether these compounds were produced by biotic or abiotic processes using chirality measurements. These experiments will also determine the chemical stability of organic molecules within the host regolith based on the presence and chemical reactivity of surface and atmospheric oxidants. Urey has been selected for the Pasteur payload on the European Space Agency's (ESA's) upcoming 2013 ExoMars rover mission. The diverse and effective capabilities of Urey make it an integral part of the payload and will help to achieve a large portion of the mission's primary scientific objective: “to search for signs of past and present life on Mars.” This instrument is named in honor of Harold Urey for his seminal contributions to the fields of cosmochemistry and the origin of life.

Document Type:Article
Title:The Urey Instrument: An Advanced In Situ Organic and Oxidant Detector for Mars Exploration
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Aubrey, Andrew D.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
Chalmers, John H.Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California.
Bada, Jeffrey L.Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California.
Grunthaner, Frank J.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
Amashukeli, XeniaJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
Willis, PeterJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
Skelley, Alison M.Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Mathies, Richard A.University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California.
Quinn, Richard C.SETI Institute, Mountain View, California.
Zent, Aaron P.NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California.
Ehrenfreund, PascaleLeiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Amundson, RonUniversity of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California.
Glavin, Daniel P.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland.
Botta, OliverInternational Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland.
Barron, LaurenceUniversity of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
Blaney, Diana L.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
Clark, Benton C.Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company, Denver, Colorado.
Coleman, MaxJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
Hofmann, Beda A.Natural History Museum, Bern, Switzerland.
Josset, Jean-LucSPACE-X Exploration Institute, Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
Rettberg, PetraUNSPECIFIED
Ride, SallyImaginary Lines, San Diego, California.
Robert, FrançoisMusée National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Sephton, Mark A.Imperial College of London, London, UK.
Yen, AlbertJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
Date:2008
Journal or Publication Title:Astrobiology
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:8
DOI:10.1089/ast.2007.0169
Page Range:pp. 583-595
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Status:Published
Keywords:Astrobiology, The Urey Instrument, Mars, Origin of Life
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kerstin Kopp
Deposited On:20 Aug 2008
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 15:10

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Browse
Search
Help & Contact
Informationen
electronic library is running on EPrints 3.3.12
Copyright © 2008-2012 German Aerospace Center (DLR). All rights reserved.