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From Earth exploration to space exploration – the evolution of a new type of discovery missions

Haese, Marc (2007) From Earth exploration to space exploration – the evolution of a new type of discovery missions. In: 58th International Astronautical Congress 2007 in Hyderabad, Indien. 58th International Astronautical Congress 2007, 2007-09-24 -2007-09-28, Hyderabad, Indien.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=503

Kurzfassung

Today, space exploration often is put in line with the endeavours of earth explorers in past centuries. This paper analyses mission objectives, motivations, political backgrounds and economic conditions of exploration missions between the 9th and the 20th century and compares them with present activities and plans in space exploration. Over 50 missions by explorers in the past centuries have been examined and it was found that historic missions can be divided into three categories of exploration: economically/politically motivated missions, science driven missions, and missions for competition and prestige. Based on this analysis, one example is presented for each category: Christopher Columbus, Alexander von Humboldt and the Apollo program. It is revealed that past exploration missions typically relied on one or two key objectives and were conducted by one single nation. Conversely, today’s – and future – rational for space exploration requires to take into account a set of key drivers which are derived from scientific, political, economic and public interests. Current developments in space exploration indicate the evolvement of a new age of exploration which focuses on servicing society, which builds on international cooperation, and which, therefore, would hold benefits for the participating nations as well as for humanity.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Paper)
Titel:From Earth exploration to space exploration – the evolution of a new type of discovery missions
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Haese, MarcNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2007
Erschienen in:58th International Astronautical Congress 2007 in Hyderabad, Indien
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Space, exploration, history, economy, economics, politics, space policy, science history Raumfahrt, Exploration, Geschichte, Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Politik, Raumfahrtpolitik, Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Veranstaltungstitel:58th International Astronautical Congress 2007
Veranstaltungsort:Hyderabad, Indien
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:2007-09-24 -2007-09-28
Veranstalter :International Astronautical Federation
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W -- keine Zuordnung (alt)
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Vorstand > Unternehmensentwicklung und Außenbeziehungen
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Jürgen Ortner
Hinterlegt am:19 Aug 2008
Letzte Änderung:19 Feb 2010 12:03

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